Post-transcriptional gene silencing is a widely used method to suppress gene expression. Unfortunately only a portion of siRNAs do successfully reduce gene expression. Target mRNA secondary structures and siRNA-mRNA thermodynamic features are believed to contribute to the silencing activity. However, there is still an open discussion as to what determines siRNA efficacy. In this retrospective study, we analysed the target accessibility comparing very high (VH) compared with low (L) efficacy siRNA sequences obtained from the siRecords Database. We determined the contribution of mRNA target local secondary structures on silencing efficacy. Both the univariable and the multivariable logistic regression evidenced no relationship between siRNA efficacy and mRNA target secondary structures. Moreover, none of the thermodynamic and sequence-base parameters taken into consideration (H-b index, ΔG°overall, ΔG°duplex, ΔG°break-target and GC%) was associated with siRNA efficacy. We found that features believed to be predictive of silencing efficacy are not confirmed to be so when externally evaluated in a large heterogeneous sample. Although it was proposed that silencing efficacy could be influenced by local target accessibility we show that this could be not generalizable because of the diversity of experimental setting that may not be representative of biological systems especially in view of the many local protein factors, usually not taken into consideration, which could hamper the silencing process.

Silencing efficacy prediction: a retrospective study on target mRNA features

PASCUT, DEVIS;TIRIBELLI, CLAUDIO
2015

Abstract

Post-transcriptional gene silencing is a widely used method to suppress gene expression. Unfortunately only a portion of siRNAs do successfully reduce gene expression. Target mRNA secondary structures and siRNA-mRNA thermodynamic features are believed to contribute to the silencing activity. However, there is still an open discussion as to what determines siRNA efficacy. In this retrospective study, we analysed the target accessibility comparing very high (VH) compared with low (L) efficacy siRNA sequences obtained from the siRecords Database. We determined the contribution of mRNA target local secondary structures on silencing efficacy. Both the univariable and the multivariable logistic regression evidenced no relationship between siRNA efficacy and mRNA target secondary structures. Moreover, none of the thermodynamic and sequence-base parameters taken into consideration (H-b index, ΔG°overall, ΔG°duplex, ΔG°break-target and GC%) was associated with siRNA efficacy. We found that features believed to be predictive of silencing efficacy are not confirmed to be so when externally evaluated in a large heterogeneous sample. Although it was proposed that silencing efficacy could be influenced by local target accessibility we show that this could be not generalizable because of the diversity of experimental setting that may not be representative of biological systems especially in view of the many local protein factors, usually not taken into consideration, which could hamper the silencing process.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4381284/
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Silencing efficacy prediction. a retrospective study on target mRNA features.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: pdf editoriale
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Digital Rights Management non definito
Dimensione 478.79 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
478.79 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2843803
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact