To investigate the role of sex steroids in the sex-related difference in the hepatic uptake of organic anions, sulphobromophthalein (bromsulphalein, BSP) transport was measured in hepatocytes isolated from rats either deprived of hormonal influence by castration at prepubertal age or after hormonal substitution. In control animals, the kinetics of BSP uptake showed the presence of two components: one saturable (0-3 microM), with high affinity and low capacity, and the other linear (9-30 microM), probably related to the non-specific component of BSP uptake. Sex difference was detected only in the saturable portion of the uptake process as the apparent Km was significantly lower in females than in males (3.8 +/- 0.7 vs. 6.1 +/- 1.8 microM, mean +/- S.D. of six animals, P less than 0.01). In contrast, no difference was observed in Vmax (2.3 +/- 0.3 vs. 2.2 +/- 0.7 nmol BSP.(mg protein)-1.min-1). Castration was associated with the disappearance of the saturable uptake site and abolished the sex difference. Progesterone treatment of castrated males failed to restore the saturable kinetics of BSP uptake. In contrast, administration of oestradiol to castrated males or testosterone to castrated females did restore the saturable kinetics of the high-affinity BSP uptake. Km and Vmax were comparable to those of adult females and males, respectively, with the exception of testosterone which induced a Vmax value higher than that observed in the other groups of animals. These data suggest that the influence of oestrogen and testosterone is necessary for the expression of the high-affinity, low-capacity carrier-mediated process of hepatic BSP uptake.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Sex steroids modulation of the hepatic uptake of organic anions in rat

TIRIBELLI, CLAUDIO
1988

Abstract

To investigate the role of sex steroids in the sex-related difference in the hepatic uptake of organic anions, sulphobromophthalein (bromsulphalein, BSP) transport was measured in hepatocytes isolated from rats either deprived of hormonal influence by castration at prepubertal age or after hormonal substitution. In control animals, the kinetics of BSP uptake showed the presence of two components: one saturable (0-3 microM), with high affinity and low capacity, and the other linear (9-30 microM), probably related to the non-specific component of BSP uptake. Sex difference was detected only in the saturable portion of the uptake process as the apparent Km was significantly lower in females than in males (3.8 +/- 0.7 vs. 6.1 +/- 1.8 microM, mean +/- S.D. of six animals, P less than 0.01). In contrast, no difference was observed in Vmax (2.3 +/- 0.3 vs. 2.2 +/- 0.7 nmol BSP.(mg protein)-1.min-1). Castration was associated with the disappearance of the saturable uptake site and abolished the sex difference. Progesterone treatment of castrated males failed to restore the saturable kinetics of BSP uptake. In contrast, administration of oestradiol to castrated males or testosterone to castrated females did restore the saturable kinetics of the high-affinity BSP uptake. Km and Vmax were comparable to those of adult females and males, respectively, with the exception of testosterone which induced a Vmax value higher than that observed in the other groups of animals. These data suggest that the influence of oestrogen and testosterone is necessary for the expression of the high-affinity, low-capacity carrier-mediated process of hepatic BSP uptake.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3392384
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2844337
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