This work demonstrates how a careful reexamination of well-trodden fields can fill conceptual gaps that previously escaped full understanding. The coordination of 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) to the known Ru(II)-chlorido-carbonyl precursors – the dinuclear [RuCl2(CO)3]2 (P1) and the polymeric [RuCl2(CO)2]n (P2) – has been investigated by several groups in the past, and a remarkably large number of ruthenium mono(bpy) carbonyls were identified and fully characterized. Many were investigated as catalysts or key intermediates for the photochemical, electrochemical, and photo-electrochemical reduction of CO2, and for the water–gas shift reaction. Nevertheless, even though most – if not all – the reaction products are known already, a careful exam of the literature led us to believe that a convincing general scheme interconnecting them all was still missing and important questions remained unanswered. For this reason, we investigated the reactivity of two mononuclear Ru(II)-carbonyl-dmso precursors, trans,cis,cis-[RuCl2(CO)2(dmso-O)2] (P3) and fac-[RuCl2(CO)3(dmso-O)] (P4) – that can be considered as ‘activated forms’ of P2 and P1, respectively – towards the coordination of bpy. Compounds P3 and P4, allowed us to gain new mechanistic insight and a deeper level of understanding. In particular, we found that coordination of bpy to P4 (or P1) generates first the tricarbonyl cation fac-[Ru(bpy)Cl(CO)3]+.This key intermediate undergoes the facile and selective nucleophilic attack on the CO trans to Cl (by RO– in alcoholic solvents or OH– from adventitious water in other solvents), leading to all other species. We also demonstrated that Cl– – even when in large excess – is unable to replace a carbonyl on fac-[Ru(bpy)Cl(CO)3]+. However, the chloride set free from the precursor, competes efficiently with bpy for the coordination to Ru(II) (chloride rebound mechanism).

New Insight into a Deceptively Simple Reaction: The Coordination of bpy to RuII-Carbonyl Precursors - The Central Role of thefac-[Ru(bpy)Cl(CO)3]+Intermediate and theChloride Rebound Mechanism

BALDUCCI, GABRIELE;IENGO, ELISABETTA;ALESSIO, ENZO
2015

Abstract

This work demonstrates how a careful reexamination of well-trodden fields can fill conceptual gaps that previously escaped full understanding. The coordination of 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) to the known Ru(II)-chlorido-carbonyl precursors – the dinuclear [RuCl2(CO)3]2 (P1) and the polymeric [RuCl2(CO)2]n (P2) – has been investigated by several groups in the past, and a remarkably large number of ruthenium mono(bpy) carbonyls were identified and fully characterized. Many were investigated as catalysts or key intermediates for the photochemical, electrochemical, and photo-electrochemical reduction of CO2, and for the water–gas shift reaction. Nevertheless, even though most – if not all – the reaction products are known already, a careful exam of the literature led us to believe that a convincing general scheme interconnecting them all was still missing and important questions remained unanswered. For this reason, we investigated the reactivity of two mononuclear Ru(II)-carbonyl-dmso precursors, trans,cis,cis-[RuCl2(CO)2(dmso-O)2] (P3) and fac-[RuCl2(CO)3(dmso-O)] (P4) – that can be considered as ‘activated forms’ of P2 and P1, respectively – towards the coordination of bpy. Compounds P3 and P4, allowed us to gain new mechanistic insight and a deeper level of understanding. In particular, we found that coordination of bpy to P4 (or P1) generates first the tricarbonyl cation fac-[Ru(bpy)Cl(CO)3]+.This key intermediate undergoes the facile and selective nucleophilic attack on the CO trans to Cl (by RO– in alcoholic solvents or OH– from adventitious water in other solvents), leading to all other species. We also demonstrated that Cl– – even when in large excess – is unable to replace a carbonyl on fac-[Ru(bpy)Cl(CO)3]+. However, the chloride set free from the precursor, competes efficiently with bpy for the coordination to Ru(II) (chloride rebound mechanism).
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1099-0682c
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2845460
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