We have recently shown that the E3 ubiquitin ligase midline 1 (MID1) is upregulated in murine cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL), where it controls exocytosis of lytic granules and the killing capacity. Accordingly, CTL from MID1 knock-out (MID1-/- ) mice have a 25-30% reduction in exocytosis of lytic granules and cytotoxicity compared to CTL from wild-type (WT) mice. We wondered why the MID1 gene knock-out did not affect exocytosis and cytotoxicity more severely and speculated whether MID2, a close homologue of MID1, might partially compensate for the loss of MID1 in MID1-/- CTL. Here, we showed that MID2, like MID1, is upregulated in activated murine T cells. Furthermore, MID1-/- CTL upregulated MID2 two-twenty-fold stronger than CTL from WT mice, suggesting that MID2 might compensate for MID1. In agreement, transfection of MID2 into MID1-/- CTL completely rescued exocytosis of lytic granules in MID1-/- CTL, and vice versa, knock-down of MID2 inhibited exocytosis of lytic granules in both WT and MID1-/- CTL, demonstrating that both MID1 and MID2 play a central role in the regulation of granule exocytosis and that functional redundancy exists between MID1 and MID2 in CTL.

MID2 can substitute for MID1 and control exocytosis of lytic granules in cytotoxic T cells

MERONI, GERMANA;
2015

Abstract

We have recently shown that the E3 ubiquitin ligase midline 1 (MID1) is upregulated in murine cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL), where it controls exocytosis of lytic granules and the killing capacity. Accordingly, CTL from MID1 knock-out (MID1-/- ) mice have a 25-30% reduction in exocytosis of lytic granules and cytotoxicity compared to CTL from wild-type (WT) mice. We wondered why the MID1 gene knock-out did not affect exocytosis and cytotoxicity more severely and speculated whether MID2, a close homologue of MID1, might partially compensate for the loss of MID1 in MID1-/- CTL. Here, we showed that MID2, like MID1, is upregulated in activated murine T cells. Furthermore, MID1-/- CTL upregulated MID2 two-twenty-fold stronger than CTL from WT mice, suggesting that MID2 might compensate for MID1. In agreement, transfection of MID2 into MID1-/- CTL completely rescued exocytosis of lytic granules in MID1-/- CTL, and vice versa, knock-down of MID2 inhibited exocytosis of lytic granules in both WT and MID1-/- CTL, demonstrating that both MID1 and MID2 play a central role in the regulation of granule exocytosis and that functional redundancy exists between MID1 and MID2 in CTL.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2847809
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