We investigate the galaxy population in simulated protocluster regions using a semi-analytic model of galaxy formation, coupled to merger-trees extracted from N-body simulations. We select the most massive clusters at redshift z = 0 from our set of simulations, and follow their main progenitors back in time. The analysis shows that protocluster regions are dominated by central galaxies and their number decreases with time as many become satellites, clustering around the central object. In agreement with observations, we find an increasing velocity dispersion with cosmic time, the increase being faster for satellites. The analysis shows that protoclusters are very extended regions, ≳20 Mpc at z ≳ 1. The fraction of galaxies in protocluster regions that are not progenitor of cluster galaxies varies with redshift, stellar mass and area considered. It is about 20-30 per cent for galaxies with stellar mass ˜109 M⊙, while negligible for the most massive galaxies considered. Nevertheless, these objects have properties similar to those of progenitors. We investigate the building-up of the passive sequence in clusters, and find that their progenitors are on average always active at any redshift of interest of protoclusters. The main mechanism which quenches their star formation is the removal of the hot gas reservoir at the time of accretion. The later galaxies are accreted (become satellite), and the more the cold gas available, the longer the time spent as active. Central galaxies are active over all redshift range considered, although a non-negligible fraction of them become passive at redshift z < 1, due to strong feedback from active galactic nuclei.

Semi-analytic model predictions of the galaxy population in protoclusters

CONTINI, EMANUELE;BORGANI, STEFANO;
2016

Abstract

We investigate the galaxy population in simulated protocluster regions using a semi-analytic model of galaxy formation, coupled to merger-trees extracted from N-body simulations. We select the most massive clusters at redshift z = 0 from our set of simulations, and follow their main progenitors back in time. The analysis shows that protocluster regions are dominated by central galaxies and their number decreases with time as many become satellites, clustering around the central object. In agreement with observations, we find an increasing velocity dispersion with cosmic time, the increase being faster for satellites. The analysis shows that protoclusters are very extended regions, ≳20 Mpc at z ≳ 1. The fraction of galaxies in protocluster regions that are not progenitor of cluster galaxies varies with redshift, stellar mass and area considered. It is about 20-30 per cent for galaxies with stellar mass ˜109 M⊙, while negligible for the most massive galaxies considered. Nevertheless, these objects have properties similar to those of progenitors. We investigate the building-up of the passive sequence in clusters, and find that their progenitors are on average always active at any redshift of interest of protoclusters. The main mechanism which quenches their star formation is the removal of the hot gas reservoir at the time of accretion. The later galaxies are accreted (become satellite), and the more the cold gas available, the longer the time spent as active. Central galaxies are active over all redshift range considered, although a non-negligible fraction of them become passive at redshift z < 1, due to strong feedback from active galactic nuclei.
http://mnras.oxfordjournals.org/content/456/2/1924
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2867088
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