Eight-armed PEG, molecular mass 10 kDa, was functionalized with furyl and maleimide groups, respectively; the obtained macromonomers were cross-linked via Diels−Alder chemistry. The mesh size (ξ) of the prepared hydrogels was determined by swelling studies, rheology, and low field NMR spectroscopy. The in vitro release of fluorescein isothiocyanate labeled dextrans (FDs) and bevacizumab was investigated. The average mesh size (ξavg) increased from 5.8 ± 0.1 nm to 56 ± 13 nm during degradation, as determined by swelling studies. The result of the heological measurements (8.0 nm) matched theinitial value of ξavg. Low field NMR spectroscopy enabled the determination of the mesh size distribution; the most abundant mesh size was found to be 9.2 nm. In combination with the hydrodynamic radius of the molecule (Rh), the time-dependent increase of ξavg was used to predict the release profiles of incorporated FDs applying an obstruction-scaling model. The predicted release profiles matched the experimentally determined release profiles when Rh < ξavg. However, significant deviations from the theoretical predictions were observed when Rh ≥ ξavg, most likely due to the statistical distribution of ξ in real polymer networks. The release profile of bevacizumab differed from those of equivalently sized FDs. The delayed release of bevacizumab was most likely a result of the globular structure and rigidity of the protein. The observed correlation between ξ and the release rate could facilitate the design of controlled release systems for antibodies.

Diels-Alder Hydrogels for Controlled Antibody Release: Correlation between Mesh Size and Release Rate

ABRAMI, MICHELA;GRASSI, Mario;
2015

Abstract

Eight-armed PEG, molecular mass 10 kDa, was functionalized with furyl and maleimide groups, respectively; the obtained macromonomers were cross-linked via Diels−Alder chemistry. The mesh size (ξ) of the prepared hydrogels was determined by swelling studies, rheology, and low field NMR spectroscopy. The in vitro release of fluorescein isothiocyanate labeled dextrans (FDs) and bevacizumab was investigated. The average mesh size (ξavg) increased from 5.8 ± 0.1 nm to 56 ± 13 nm during degradation, as determined by swelling studies. The result of the heological measurements (8.0 nm) matched theinitial value of ξavg. Low field NMR spectroscopy enabled the determination of the mesh size distribution; the most abundant mesh size was found to be 9.2 nm. In combination with the hydrodynamic radius of the molecule (Rh), the time-dependent increase of ξavg was used to predict the release profiles of incorporated FDs applying an obstruction-scaling model. The predicted release profiles matched the experimentally determined release profiles when Rh < ξavg. However, significant deviations from the theoretical predictions were observed when Rh ≥ ξavg, most likely due to the statistical distribution of ξ in real polymer networks. The release profile of bevacizumab differed from those of equivalently sized FDs. The delayed release of bevacizumab was most likely a result of the globular structure and rigidity of the protein. The observed correlation between ξ and the release rate could facilitate the design of controlled release systems for antibodies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2869776
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