Objective: To explore to what extent and under which diagnoses individuals who committed suicide had received psychiatric in-patient care, and how many had previously committed non-lethal self-harm. To investigate the antidepressant treatment received by these individuals. Methods: Case–control study based on a health register. Results: Psychiatric hospitalisation was found in 31.2% of the cases and 2.3% of the controls, and was a strong predictor for suicide with an odds ratio (OR) = 19.5. This did not differ significantly between diagnostic categories (except anxiety disorders with OR = 5.3). Nonlethal self-harm in the study period was committed by 14.3% of the cases and 0.14% of the controls, and was twice as common in female cases than in male cases. Previous self-harm was a very strong independent predictor for suicide with OR = 53.1 when a single episode of self-harm had occurred, and OR = 98.0 for repeated episodes (adjusted for age, gender and hospitalisation). Only 16.1% of the cases were currently on antidepressant medication at the time of suicide. Conclusions: Few of the suicides had previously been psychiatric in-patients. Even fewer had current prescriptions for antidepressants. This suggests that better diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric patients is an important suicide preventive intervention.

Diagnoses and prescriptions of antidepressants in suicides: Register findings from the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Italy, 2002–2008

CASTELPIETRA, GIULIO
;
BOVENZI, MASSIMO;
2016

Abstract

Objective: To explore to what extent and under which diagnoses individuals who committed suicide had received psychiatric in-patient care, and how many had previously committed non-lethal self-harm. To investigate the antidepressant treatment received by these individuals. Methods: Case–control study based on a health register. Results: Psychiatric hospitalisation was found in 31.2% of the cases and 2.3% of the controls, and was a strong predictor for suicide with an odds ratio (OR) = 19.5. This did not differ significantly between diagnostic categories (except anxiety disorders with OR = 5.3). Nonlethal self-harm in the study period was committed by 14.3% of the cases and 0.14% of the controls, and was twice as common in female cases than in male cases. Previous self-harm was a very strong independent predictor for suicide with OR = 53.1 when a single episode of self-harm had occurred, and OR = 98.0 for repeated episodes (adjusted for age, gender and hospitalisation). Only 16.1% of the cases were currently on antidepressant medication at the time of suicide. Conclusions: Few of the suicides had previously been psychiatric in-patients. Even fewer had current prescriptions for antidepressants. This suggests that better diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric patients is an important suicide preventive intervention.
Pubblicato
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/13651501.2016.1149196?journalCode=ijpc20
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2873307
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