tThe sedimentary wedge of the Apennines foredeep in the Central Adriatic Sea provides evidence ofwestward tilting of the foreland during the Lower Pliocene. The wedge was covered by an Upper Pliocene-Lower Pleistocene sequence of parallel and horizontal strata that onlapped onto the pre-wedge sediments.The Southern Apennines contain younger foredeep growth strata because the chain front migrated untilthe Lower Pleistocene.Seismic profiles from the Central and Southern Apennines foredeep show a regional, apparentlycontrasting eastward-dipping set of post-growth parallel layers that are covered by a Middle/UpperPleistocene Prograding Sedimentary Wedge (PSW), which is particularly thick in the Central Adriaticbasin.In accordance with the “Law of Original Horizontality” and by excluding possible exceptions to this law(inclined depositions in several specific frameworks), the observed geometric setting can be explainedas an effect of post-deposition inversion of the previous orogen-ward tilting. We infer that the drivingmechanism of uplift was the regional isostatic rebound of the Adria foreland, which started in the MiddlePleistocene and is still active as indicated by the current uplift of Adria and by the passively raisedchain. Under the same conditions, the greater the tilting of the foredeep during the chain migration, thegreater the degree of isostatic rebound. The rheology of the foreland and sedimentary loading are alsokey elements of these crustal-scale vertical movements. Furthermore, normal faults and greater foredeepuplift of the foreland can play local roles in short-wavelength deformations.The current axis of the chain, which was affected by imbrication of the Apennine and Apulia units,is now subject to higher rates of rebound and erosion. We infer that inversion of some of the previousfaults that originated the buried western margin of the Apulia carbonate platform (AP) triggered theextensional seismicity that is recorded along the chain.The rapid uplift of the foreland and of the overlying thrust belt since the Middle Pleistocene caused achange in the drainage network on the Adriatic side of the chain from a longitudinal pattern to a transversepattern. In addition, erosion of the uplifted units contributed to the high rate of deposition of the PSW inthe Adriatic foreland basin.The regional rebound process that is proposed in this work implies a primary role of the AP buoyancyand rejects the hypothesis of its current passive sinking, which is often regarded as the primary sourceof Apennines tectonics.

Seismic evidence of the rebound of the Adria foreland and the current geodynamics of the Central and Southern Apennines (Italy)

DEL BEN, Anna;OGGIONI, FRANCESCA
2016

Abstract

tThe sedimentary wedge of the Apennines foredeep in the Central Adriatic Sea provides evidence ofwestward tilting of the foreland during the Lower Pliocene. The wedge was covered by an Upper Pliocene-Lower Pleistocene sequence of parallel and horizontal strata that onlapped onto the pre-wedge sediments.The Southern Apennines contain younger foredeep growth strata because the chain front migrated untilthe Lower Pleistocene.Seismic profiles from the Central and Southern Apennines foredeep show a regional, apparentlycontrasting eastward-dipping set of post-growth parallel layers that are covered by a Middle/UpperPleistocene Prograding Sedimentary Wedge (PSW), which is particularly thick in the Central Adriaticbasin.In accordance with the “Law of Original Horizontality” and by excluding possible exceptions to this law(inclined depositions in several specific frameworks), the observed geometric setting can be explainedas an effect of post-deposition inversion of the previous orogen-ward tilting. We infer that the drivingmechanism of uplift was the regional isostatic rebound of the Adria foreland, which started in the MiddlePleistocene and is still active as indicated by the current uplift of Adria and by the passively raisedchain. Under the same conditions, the greater the tilting of the foredeep during the chain migration, thegreater the degree of isostatic rebound. The rheology of the foreland and sedimentary loading are alsokey elements of these crustal-scale vertical movements. Furthermore, normal faults and greater foredeepuplift of the foreland can play local roles in short-wavelength deformations.The current axis of the chain, which was affected by imbrication of the Apennine and Apulia units,is now subject to higher rates of rebound and erosion. We infer that inversion of some of the previousfaults that originated the buried western margin of the Apulia carbonate platform (AP) triggered theextensional seismicity that is recorded along the chain.The rapid uplift of the foreland and of the overlying thrust belt since the Middle Pleistocene caused achange in the drainage network on the Adriatic side of the chain from a longitudinal pattern to a transversepattern. In addition, erosion of the uplifted units contributed to the high rate of deposition of the PSW inthe Adriatic foreland basin.The regional rebound process that is proposed in this work implies a primary role of the AP buoyancyand rejects the hypothesis of its current passive sinking, which is often regarded as the primary sourceof Apennines tectonics.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264370715300260
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2886625
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