The forecasted accuracy of upcoming surveys of large-scale structure cannot be achieved without a proper quantification of the error induced by foreground removal (or other systematics like 0-point photometry offset). Because these errors are highly correlated on the sky, their influence is expected to be especially important at very large scales, at and beyond the first Baryonic Acoustic Oscillation (BAO). In this work we quantify how the uncertainty in the visibility mask of a survey, that gives the survey depth in a specific sky area, influences the measured power spectrum of a sample of tracers of the density field and its covariance matrix. We start from a very large set of 10,000 catalogs of dark matter (DM) halos in periodic cosmological boxes, produced with the PINOCCHIO approximate method. To make an analytic approach feasible, we assume luminosity-independent halo bias and an idealized geometry for the visibility mask, that is constant in square tiles of physical length l; this should be interpreted as the projection, at the observation redshift, of the angular correlation scale of the foreground residuals. We find that the power spectrum of these biased tracers can be expressed as the sum of a cosmological term, a mask term and a term involving their convolution. The mask and convolution terms scale like P ∝ l2σA2, where σA2 is the variance of the uncertainty on the visibility mask. With l = 30−100 Mpc/h and σA = 5−20%, the mask term can be significant at k ~ 0.01−0.1 h/Mpc, and the convolution term can amount to ~ 1−10% of the total. The influence of mask uncertainty on power spectrum covariance is more complicated: the coupling of the convolution term with the other two gives rise to several mixed terms, that we quantify by difference using the mock catalogs. These are found to be of the same order of the mask covariance, and to introduce non-diagonal terms at large scales. As a consequence, the power spectrum covariance matrix cannot be expressed as the sum of a cosmological and of a mask term. More realistic settings (realistic foregrounds, luminosity-dependent bias) make the analytical approach not feasible, and the problem requires on the one hand usage of extended sets of mock catalogs, on the other hand detailed knowledge of the correlations among errors in the visibility masks. Our results lie down the theoretical bases to quantify the impact that uncertainties in the mask calibration have on the derivation of cosmological constraints from large spectroscopic surveys.

Uncertainty in the visibility mask of a survey and its effects on the clustering of biased tracers

BORGANI, STEFANO;MONACO, Pierluigi;COLAVINCENZO, MANUEL;
2017

Abstract

The forecasted accuracy of upcoming surveys of large-scale structure cannot be achieved without a proper quantification of the error induced by foreground removal (or other systematics like 0-point photometry offset). Because these errors are highly correlated on the sky, their influence is expected to be especially important at very large scales, at and beyond the first Baryonic Acoustic Oscillation (BAO). In this work we quantify how the uncertainty in the visibility mask of a survey, that gives the survey depth in a specific sky area, influences the measured power spectrum of a sample of tracers of the density field and its covariance matrix. We start from a very large set of 10,000 catalogs of dark matter (DM) halos in periodic cosmological boxes, produced with the PINOCCHIO approximate method. To make an analytic approach feasible, we assume luminosity-independent halo bias and an idealized geometry for the visibility mask, that is constant in square tiles of physical length l; this should be interpreted as the projection, at the observation redshift, of the angular correlation scale of the foreground residuals. We find that the power spectrum of these biased tracers can be expressed as the sum of a cosmological term, a mask term and a term involving their convolution. The mask and convolution terms scale like P ∝ l2σA2, where σA2 is the variance of the uncertainty on the visibility mask. With l = 30−100 Mpc/h and σA = 5−20%, the mask term can be significant at k ~ 0.01−0.1 h/Mpc, and the convolution term can amount to ~ 1−10% of the total. The influence of mask uncertainty on power spectrum covariance is more complicated: the coupling of the convolution term with the other two gives rise to several mixed terms, that we quantify by difference using the mock catalogs. These are found to be of the same order of the mask covariance, and to introduce non-diagonal terms at large scales. As a consequence, the power spectrum covariance matrix cannot be expressed as the sum of a cosmological and of a mask term. More realistic settings (realistic foregrounds, luminosity-dependent bias) make the analytical approach not feasible, and the problem requires on the one hand usage of extended sets of mock catalogs, on the other hand detailed knowledge of the correlations among errors in the visibility masks. Our results lie down the theoretical bases to quantify the impact that uncertainties in the mask calibration have on the derivation of cosmological constraints from large spectroscopic surveys.
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http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1475-7516/2017/03/052/meta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2891395
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