Bifunctional PdNb catalysts were studied in the hydrodesoxygenation (HDO) reaction of dibenzofuran (DBF) at 275 °C and 15 bar of H2 pressure. The influence of both the support employed (silica and zirconium phosphate heterostructure (PPH)) and the catalyst preparation procedure were evaluated in the catalytic response in the HDO reaction. The catalysts were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation by using two synthetic routes. The catalysts were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption, thermoprogrammed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and elemental analysis. The results show that silica supported catalysts are much more active than those supported on PPH. While the characterization results point to a higher dispersion of the supported catalysts on PPH and better textural and acidic properties, the PdCl2 precursor salt remains on these catalysts even after calcination and catalytic tests, explaining the lower catalytic performance presented by these systems: fewer active centers and more residues of carbon. With respect to the preparation method, regardless the support employed, the catalysts synthesized by incorporating Pd after Nb incorporation and calcination, are more active, most probably due to a better phase dispersion and therefore to a higher amount of active centers.

Pd-Nb binfunctional catalysts supported on silica and zirconium phosphate heterostructures for O-removal of dibenzofurane

LENARDA, ANNA;
2016

Abstract

Bifunctional PdNb catalysts were studied in the hydrodesoxygenation (HDO) reaction of dibenzofuran (DBF) at 275 °C and 15 bar of H2 pressure. The influence of both the support employed (silica and zirconium phosphate heterostructure (PPH)) and the catalyst preparation procedure were evaluated in the catalytic response in the HDO reaction. The catalysts were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation by using two synthetic routes. The catalysts were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption, thermoprogrammed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and elemental analysis. The results show that silica supported catalysts are much more active than those supported on PPH. While the characterization results point to a higher dispersion of the supported catalysts on PPH and better textural and acidic properties, the PdCl2 precursor salt remains on these catalysts even after calcination and catalytic tests, explaining the lower catalytic performance presented by these systems: fewer active centers and more residues of carbon. With respect to the preparation method, regardless the support employed, the catalysts synthesized by incorporating Pd after Nb incorporation and calcination, are more active, most probably due to a better phase dispersion and therefore to a higher amount of active centers.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0920586115007610
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2895021
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