Lock-exchange gravity currents propagating up a slope are investigated by large eddy simulations, focusing on the entrainment and mixing processes occurring between the dense current and the ambient fluid. Relevant parameters, such as the aspect ratio of the initial volume of dense fluid in the lock R, the angle between the bottom boundary and the horizontal direction θ and the depth aspect ratio φ, are varied. The numerical results are compared with laboratory experiments and a good agreement is found. Entrainment and mixing in a lock-release gravity current are studied using different entrainment parameters and an energy budget method. The entrainment is found to depend on both Froude, Fr, and Reynolds, Re, numbers. In addition, the dependence of both entrainment and mixing on the parameters varied is discussed. The entrainment decreases with increasing steepness of the bottom and R. Irreversible mixing is not affected by the varied parameters during the slumping phase, while during the successive phases of motion, it is found to decrease with the increase of θ and R. Low entrainment and mixing occur for φ < 1

Mixing in lock-release gravity currents propagating up a slope

ROMAN, FEDERICO;ARMENIO, VINCENZO
2016

Abstract

Lock-exchange gravity currents propagating up a slope are investigated by large eddy simulations, focusing on the entrainment and mixing processes occurring between the dense current and the ambient fluid. Relevant parameters, such as the aspect ratio of the initial volume of dense fluid in the lock R, the angle between the bottom boundary and the horizontal direction θ and the depth aspect ratio φ, are varied. The numerical results are compared with laboratory experiments and a good agreement is found. Entrainment and mixing in a lock-release gravity current are studied using different entrainment parameters and an energy budget method. The entrainment is found to depend on both Froude, Fr, and Reynolds, Re, numbers. In addition, the dependence of both entrainment and mixing on the parameters varied is discussed. The entrainment decreases with increasing steepness of the bottom and R. Irreversible mixing is not affected by the varied parameters during the slumping phase, while during the successive phases of motion, it is found to decrease with the increase of θ and R. Low entrainment and mixing occur for φ < 1
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http://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.4948760
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2895817
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