Background and aim of the study: Patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) may have left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) defined as an impairment of the circumferential and/or longitudinal (C&L) myocardial fibers, despite a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). An assessment was made as to whether the combined LVSD of C&L fibers has a prognostic impact in asymptomatic AS. Methods: A total of 200 asymptomatic AS patients was analyzed. Midwall shortening and mitral annular peak systolic velocity were considered as indices of C&L function and classified as low if <16.5% and <8.5 cm/s, respectively. The primary outcome was a composite of major cardiovascular events (MACE), including aortic valve-related and ischemic cardiovascular-related events. Results: During a 25-month follow up period, MACE occurred in 69 patients (35%), while 46 of 72 patients (64%) had C&L LVSD and 23 of 128 patients (18%) had not (p <0.001). Cox analysis identified C&L LVSD as an independent MACE predictor, together with aortic transvalvular peak gradient, E/E′ ratio and excessive left ventricular mass. C&L-LVSD also predicted the occurrence of aortic valve-related events and ischemic cardiovascular-related events analyzed separately. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) for C&L LVSD in predicting MACE was 0.77, significantly higher (p = 0.002, z-statistic) than the AUCs of C&L fibers considered individually (0.64 and 0.63, respectively). Conclusion: C&L-LVSD provides additional prognostic information into traditional risk factors for patients with asymptomatic AS.

Value of Combined Circumferential and Longitudinal Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction to Predict Adverse Outcome in Patients with Asymptomatic Aortic Stenosis

BARBATI, GIULIA;
2016

Abstract

Background and aim of the study: Patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) may have left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) defined as an impairment of the circumferential and/or longitudinal (C&L) myocardial fibers, despite a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). An assessment was made as to whether the combined LVSD of C&L fibers has a prognostic impact in asymptomatic AS. Methods: A total of 200 asymptomatic AS patients was analyzed. Midwall shortening and mitral annular peak systolic velocity were considered as indices of C&L function and classified as low if <16.5% and <8.5 cm/s, respectively. The primary outcome was a composite of major cardiovascular events (MACE), including aortic valve-related and ischemic cardiovascular-related events. Results: During a 25-month follow up period, MACE occurred in 69 patients (35%), while 46 of 72 patients (64%) had C&L LVSD and 23 of 128 patients (18%) had not (p <0.001). Cox analysis identified C&L LVSD as an independent MACE predictor, together with aortic transvalvular peak gradient, E/E′ ratio and excessive left ventricular mass. C&L-LVSD also predicted the occurrence of aortic valve-related events and ischemic cardiovascular-related events analyzed separately. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) for C&L LVSD in predicting MACE was 0.77, significantly higher (p = 0.002, z-statistic) than the AUCs of C&L fibers considered individually (0.64 and 0.63, respectively). Conclusion: C&L-LVSD provides additional prognostic information into traditional risk factors for patients with asymptomatic AS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2896376
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