As a matter of fact, the in vivo oxidative degradation of highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) still remains one of the limiting factors that affect the long term survivorship of joint replacements. Recent studies clearly pointed out that also the new generation of highly cross-linked and remelted polyethylene components in total hip and knee replacement underwent unexpected oxidation after 5-10years of implantation. The standard methodology to investigate the oxidation of polyethylene (PE) relies on the use of infrared spectroscopy, which, if from one hand is a reliable technique for the detection of oxidized species containing carbonyl group, on the other hand it is not capable of discriminating the fraction of carboxyl acids that is responsible for chain scission and subsequent deterioration of the mechanical properties of the polymer. In the present study we validate a new protocol based on Raman spectroscopy, which is suitable on assessing the structural degradation of polyethylene induced by oxidation. Following in vitro accelerated aging experiments, the oxidation index (OI) of different commercially available HXLPEs, as calculated by infrared spectroscopy according to ASTM standard, has been univocally correlated to the most severe variation of crystalline phase (αc), as calculated by Raman spectroscopy. In each material, locations with equal values of OI showed different degree of recrystallization induced by chain scission, confirming that infrared spectroscopy might overestimate the effective mechanical degradation of the polymer. In addition, as compared to the standards based on infrared spectroscopy, this new method of assessing oxidation enables to investigate the degradation occurring on the original surface of HXLPE components, due to the nondestructive nature of Raman spectroscopy and its high spatial resolution.

Validation of a protocol based on Raman and infrared spectroscopies to nondestructively estimate the oxidative degradation of UHMWPE used in total joint arthroplasty

PUPPULIN, LEONARDO;CASAGRANDE, ELISA;
2016

Abstract

As a matter of fact, the in vivo oxidative degradation of highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) still remains one of the limiting factors that affect the long term survivorship of joint replacements. Recent studies clearly pointed out that also the new generation of highly cross-linked and remelted polyethylene components in total hip and knee replacement underwent unexpected oxidation after 5-10years of implantation. The standard methodology to investigate the oxidation of polyethylene (PE) relies on the use of infrared spectroscopy, which, if from one hand is a reliable technique for the detection of oxidized species containing carbonyl group, on the other hand it is not capable of discriminating the fraction of carboxyl acids that is responsible for chain scission and subsequent deterioration of the mechanical properties of the polymer. In the present study we validate a new protocol based on Raman spectroscopy, which is suitable on assessing the structural degradation of polyethylene induced by oxidation. Following in vitro accelerated aging experiments, the oxidation index (OI) of different commercially available HXLPEs, as calculated by infrared spectroscopy according to ASTM standard, has been univocally correlated to the most severe variation of crystalline phase (αc), as calculated by Raman spectroscopy. In each material, locations with equal values of OI showed different degree of recrystallization induced by chain scission, confirming that infrared spectroscopy might overestimate the effective mechanical degradation of the polymer. In addition, as compared to the standards based on infrared spectroscopy, this new method of assessing oxidation enables to investigate the degradation occurring on the original surface of HXLPE components, due to the nondestructive nature of Raman spectroscopy and its high spatial resolution.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1742706116302021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2897043
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