Two novel synthetic strategies to covalently link a metallocene electron-donor unit to a chlorin ring are presented. In one approach, pyropheophorbide a is readily converted into its 131-ferrocenyl dehydro derivative by nucleophilic addition of the ferrocenyl anion to the 131-carbonyl group. In another approach, the corresponding 131-pentamethylruthenocenyl derivative is synthesised from 131-fulvenylchlorin by a facile ligand exchange/deprotonation reaction with the [RuCp*(cod)Cl] (Cp*=pentamethylcyclopentadienyl; cod=1,5-cyclooctadiene) complex. The resulting metallocene–chlorins exhibit reduced aromaticity, which was unequivocally supported by ring-current calculations based on the gauge-including magnetically induced current (GIMIC) method and by calculated nucleus-independent chemical shift (NICS) values. The negative ring current in the isocyclic E ring suggests the antiaromatic character of this moiety and also clarifies the spontaneous reactivity of the complexes with oxygen. The oxidation products were isolated and their electrochemical and photophysical properties were studied. The ruthenocene derivatives turned out to be stable under light irradiation and showed photoinduced charge transfer with charge-separation lifetimes of 152–1029 ps.

Synthesis, Aromaticity and Photophysical Behaviour of Ferrocene- and Ruthenocene-Appended Semisynthetic Chlorin Derivatives

MELCHIONNA, MICHELE;
2015

Abstract

Two novel synthetic strategies to covalently link a metallocene electron-donor unit to a chlorin ring are presented. In one approach, pyropheophorbide a is readily converted into its 131-ferrocenyl dehydro derivative by nucleophilic addition of the ferrocenyl anion to the 131-carbonyl group. In another approach, the corresponding 131-pentamethylruthenocenyl derivative is synthesised from 131-fulvenylchlorin by a facile ligand exchange/deprotonation reaction with the [RuCp*(cod)Cl] (Cp*=pentamethylcyclopentadienyl; cod=1,5-cyclooctadiene) complex. The resulting metallocene–chlorins exhibit reduced aromaticity, which was unequivocally supported by ring-current calculations based on the gauge-including magnetically induced current (GIMIC) method and by calculated nucleus-independent chemical shift (NICS) values. The negative ring current in the isocyclic E ring suggests the antiaromatic character of this moiety and also clarifies the spontaneous reactivity of the complexes with oxygen. The oxidation products were isolated and their electrochemical and photophysical properties were studied. The ruthenocene derivatives turned out to be stable under light irradiation and showed photoinduced charge transfer with charge-separation lifetimes of 152–1029 ps.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1521-3765/issues
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2897576
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