Coeliac disease is hallmarked by an abnormal immune reaction against ingested wheat-, rye- and barley-derived gluten and the presence of transglutaminase 2 (TG2)-targeted autoantibodies. The small-bowel mucosal damage characteristic of the disorder develops gradually from normal villus morphology to inflammation and finally to villus atrophy with crypt hyperplasia. Patients with early-stage coeliac disease have TG2-autoantibodies present in serum and small-intestinal mucosa and they may already suffer from abdominal symptoms before the development of villus atrophy. Previously, we have shown that intraperitoneal injections of coeliac patient-derived sera or purified immunoglobulin fraction into mice induce a condition mimicking early-stage coeliac disease. In the current study, we sought to establish whether recombinantly produced patient-derived TG2-targeted autoantibodies are by themselves sufficient for the development of such an experimentally induced condition in immune-compromised mice. Interestingly, mice injected with coeliac patient TG2-antibodies had altered small-intestinal mucosal morphology, increased lamina propria cellular infiltration and disease-specific autoantibodies deposited in the small bowel, but did not evince clinical features of the disease. Thus, coeliac patient-derived TG2-specific autoantibodies seem to be sufficient for the induction of subtle small-bowel mucosal alterations in mice, but the development of clinical features probably requires additional factors such as other antibody populations relevant in coeliac disease.

Transglutaminase 2-specific coeliac disease autoantibodies induce morphological changes and signs of inflammation in the small-bowel mucosa of mice

SBLATTERO, DANIELE;
2017

Abstract

Coeliac disease is hallmarked by an abnormal immune reaction against ingested wheat-, rye- and barley-derived gluten and the presence of transglutaminase 2 (TG2)-targeted autoantibodies. The small-bowel mucosal damage characteristic of the disorder develops gradually from normal villus morphology to inflammation and finally to villus atrophy with crypt hyperplasia. Patients with early-stage coeliac disease have TG2-autoantibodies present in serum and small-intestinal mucosa and they may already suffer from abdominal symptoms before the development of villus atrophy. Previously, we have shown that intraperitoneal injections of coeliac patient-derived sera or purified immunoglobulin fraction into mice induce a condition mimicking early-stage coeliac disease. In the current study, we sought to establish whether recombinantly produced patient-derived TG2-targeted autoantibodies are by themselves sufficient for the development of such an experimentally induced condition in immune-compromised mice. Interestingly, mice injected with coeliac patient TG2-antibodies had altered small-intestinal mucosal morphology, increased lamina propria cellular infiltration and disease-specific autoantibodies deposited in the small bowel, but did not evince clinical features of the disease. Thus, coeliac patient-derived TG2-specific autoantibodies seem to be sufficient for the induction of subtle small-bowel mucosal alterations in mice, but the development of clinical features probably requires additional factors such as other antibody populations relevant in coeliac disease.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00726-016-2306-0
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2897929
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