The pair structure, free energy, and configurational overlap order parameter Q of an annealed system of two weakly coupled replicas of a supercooled “soft sphere” fluid are determined by solving the hypernetted-chain (HNC) and self-consistent Rogers-Young (RY) integral equations over a wide range of thermodynamic conditions ρ (number-density), T (temperature), and inter-replicas couplings ε12. Analysis of the resulting effective (or Landau) potential W(ρ,T; Q) and of its derivative with respect to Q confirms the existence of a “precursor transition” between weak and strong overlap phases below a critical temperature Tc well above the temperature To of the “ideal glass” transition observed in the limit ε12→0. The precursor transition is signalled by a loss of convexity of the potential W(Q) and by a concomitant discontinuity of the order parameter Q just below Tc, which crosses over to a mean-field-like van der Waals loop at lower temperatures. The HNC and RY equations lead to the same phase transition scenario, with quantitative differences in the predicted temperatures Tc and To.

Coexistence of low and high overlap phases in a supercooled liquid: An integral equation investigation

PASTORE, GIORGIO;
2017-01-01

Abstract

The pair structure, free energy, and configurational overlap order parameter Q of an annealed system of two weakly coupled replicas of a supercooled “soft sphere” fluid are determined by solving the hypernetted-chain (HNC) and self-consistent Rogers-Young (RY) integral equations over a wide range of thermodynamic conditions ρ (number-density), T (temperature), and inter-replicas couplings ε12. Analysis of the resulting effective (or Landau) potential W(ρ,T; Q) and of its derivative with respect to Q confirms the existence of a “precursor transition” between weak and strong overlap phases below a critical temperature Tc well above the temperature To of the “ideal glass” transition observed in the limit ε12→0. The precursor transition is signalled by a loss of convexity of the potential W(Q) and by a concomitant discontinuity of the order parameter Q just below Tc, which crosses over to a mean-field-like van der Waals loop at lower temperatures. The HNC and RY equations lead to the same phase transition scenario, with quantitative differences in the predicted temperatures Tc and To.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2903566
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