OBJECTIVE: To investigate c-Kit/PDGFRA genomic alterations, KIT-PDGFRA coexpression in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and the role of Bcl-2. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 70 primary tumors, 6 recurrences, 4 metastases and 1 recurrence plus metastasis, all molecularly characterized. Alterations in gene copy number were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and expression of KIT, PDGFRA and Bcl-2 by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: c-Kit/PDGFRA gene alterations affected 38% of all cases and 39% of primary tumors, with major changes accounting for 15% in both all the cases and primary tumors. Cytoplasmic KIT/PDGFRA coexpression was present in 96.5% of the c-Kit-mutated cases, 100% of the wt c-Kit/PDGFRA cases and 66.6% of the PDGFRA-mutated cases. Bcl-2 immunoreactivity was present in 70% of cases, with expression levels of +++ in 29%, ++ in 38% and + in 33%. CONCLUSION: FISH confirmed cytogenetic alterations in about 40% of primary GISTs at the onset. The high rate of c-Kit/PDGFRA coexpression suggests that both receptors are involved in oncogenicity and may affect imatinib efficacy. The assumption that Bcl-2 expression is supported by the KIT pathway and that its imatinib-mediated down-regulation contributes to autophagic cell death, although attractive, needs to be further confirmed.

Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis and immunophenotyping of c-Kit/PDGFRA and Bcl-2 expression in gastrointestinal stromal tumors

BRICH, SILVIA;
2010

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate c-Kit/PDGFRA genomic alterations, KIT-PDGFRA coexpression in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and the role of Bcl-2. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 70 primary tumors, 6 recurrences, 4 metastases and 1 recurrence plus metastasis, all molecularly characterized. Alterations in gene copy number were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and expression of KIT, PDGFRA and Bcl-2 by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: c-Kit/PDGFRA gene alterations affected 38% of all cases and 39% of primary tumors, with major changes accounting for 15% in both all the cases and primary tumors. Cytoplasmic KIT/PDGFRA coexpression was present in 96.5% of the c-Kit-mutated cases, 100% of the wt c-Kit/PDGFRA cases and 66.6% of the PDGFRA-mutated cases. Bcl-2 immunoreactivity was present in 70% of cases, with expression levels of +++ in 29%, ++ in 38% and + in 33%. CONCLUSION: FISH confirmed cytogenetic alterations in about 40% of primary GISTs at the onset. The high rate of c-Kit/PDGFRA coexpression suggests that both receptors are involved in oncogenicity and may affect imatinib efficacy. The assumption that Bcl-2 expression is supported by the KIT pathway and that its imatinib-mediated down-regulation contributes to autophagic cell death, although attractive, needs to be further confirmed.
ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY
http://www.aqch.com/toc/auto_article_process.php?year=2010&page=225&id=23091&sn=0
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2904178
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