We performed whole exome sequencing in individuals from a family with autosomal dominant gastropathy resembling Méné trier disease, a premalignant gastric disorder with epithelial hyperplasia and enhanced EGFR signalling. Méné trier disease is believed to be an acquired disorder, but its aetiology is unknown. In affected members, we found a missense p.V742G variant in MIB2, a gene regulating NOTCH signalling that has not been previously linked to human diseases. The variant segregated with the disease in the pedigree, affected a highly conserved amino acid residue, and was predicted to be deleterious although it was found with a low frequency in control individuals. The purified protein carrying the p.V742G variant showed reduced ubiquitination activity in vitro and white blood cells from affected individuals exhibited significant reductions of HES1 and NOTCH3 expression reflecting alteration of NOTCH signalling. Because mutations of MIB1, the homolog of MIB2, have been found in patients with left ventricle non-compaction (LVNC), we investigated members of our family with Méné trier-like disease for this cardiac abnormality. Asymptomatic left ventricular hypertrabeculation, the mildest end of the LVNC spectrum, was detected in two members carrying the MIB2 variant. Finally, we identified an additional MIB2 variant (p.V984L) affecting protein stability in an unrelated isolated case with LVNC. Expression of both MIB2 variants affected NOTCH signalling, proliferation and apoptosis in primary rat cardiomyocytes. In conclusion, we report the first example of left ventricular hypertrabeculation/LVNC with germline MIB2 variants resulting in altered NOTCH signalling that might be associated with a gastropathy clinically overlapping with Méné trier disease.

MIB2 variants altering NOTCH signalling result in left ventricle hypertrabeculation/non-compaction and are associated with Ménétrier-like gastropathy

SECCO, ILARIA;Zentilin, Lorena;GIACCA, MAURO;VATTA, MATTEO;COLLESI, CHIARA;
2017

Abstract

We performed whole exome sequencing in individuals from a family with autosomal dominant gastropathy resembling Méné trier disease, a premalignant gastric disorder with epithelial hyperplasia and enhanced EGFR signalling. Méné trier disease is believed to be an acquired disorder, but its aetiology is unknown. In affected members, we found a missense p.V742G variant in MIB2, a gene regulating NOTCH signalling that has not been previously linked to human diseases. The variant segregated with the disease in the pedigree, affected a highly conserved amino acid residue, and was predicted to be deleterious although it was found with a low frequency in control individuals. The purified protein carrying the p.V742G variant showed reduced ubiquitination activity in vitro and white blood cells from affected individuals exhibited significant reductions of HES1 and NOTCH3 expression reflecting alteration of NOTCH signalling. Because mutations of MIB1, the homolog of MIB2, have been found in patients with left ventricle non-compaction (LVNC), we investigated members of our family with Méné trier-like disease for this cardiac abnormality. Asymptomatic left ventricular hypertrabeculation, the mildest end of the LVNC spectrum, was detected in two members carrying the MIB2 variant. Finally, we identified an additional MIB2 variant (p.V984L) affecting protein stability in an unrelated isolated case with LVNC. Expression of both MIB2 variants affected NOTCH signalling, proliferation and apoptosis in primary rat cardiomyocytes. In conclusion, we report the first example of left ventricular hypertrabeculation/LVNC with germline MIB2 variants resulting in altered NOTCH signalling that might be associated with a gastropathy clinically overlapping with Méné trier disease.
https://academic.oup.com/hmg/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/hmg/ddw365
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2904208
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