We study the cosmological FRW flat solutions generated in general massive gravity theories. Such a model are obtained adding to the Einstein General Relativity action a peculiar non derivative potentials, function of the metric components, that induce the propagation of five gravitational degrees of freedom. This large class of theories includes both the case with a residual Lorentz invariance as well as the case with rotational invariance only. It turns out that the Lorentz-breaking case is selected as the only possibility. Moreover it turns out that that perturbations around strict Minkowski or dS space are strongly coupled. The upshot is that even though dark energy can be simply accounted by massive gravity modifications, its equation of state weff has to deviate from −1. Indeed, there is an explicit relation between the strong coupling scale of perturbations and the deviation of weff from −1. Taking into account current limits on weff and submillimiter tests of the Newton’s law as a limit on the possible strong coupling scale, we find that it is still possible to have a weakly coupled theory in a quasi dS background. Future experimental improvements on short distance tests of the Newton’s law may be used to tighten the deviation of weff form −1 in a weakly coupled massive gravity theory.

Cosmology in general massive gravity theories

NESTI, FABRIZIO;
2014-01-01

Abstract

We study the cosmological FRW flat solutions generated in general massive gravity theories. Such a model are obtained adding to the Einstein General Relativity action a peculiar non derivative potentials, function of the metric components, that induce the propagation of five gravitational degrees of freedom. This large class of theories includes both the case with a residual Lorentz invariance as well as the case with rotational invariance only. It turns out that the Lorentz-breaking case is selected as the only possibility. Moreover it turns out that that perturbations around strict Minkowski or dS space are strongly coupled. The upshot is that even though dark energy can be simply accounted by massive gravity modifications, its equation of state weff has to deviate from −1. Indeed, there is an explicit relation between the strong coupling scale of perturbations and the deviation of weff from −1. Taking into account current limits on weff and submillimiter tests of the Newton’s law as a limit on the possible strong coupling scale, we find that it is still possible to have a weakly coupled theory in a quasi dS background. Future experimental improvements on short distance tests of the Newton’s law may be used to tighten the deviation of weff form −1 in a weakly coupled massive gravity theory.
2014
http://iopscience.iop.org/1475-7516/2014/05/036/pdf/1475-7516_2014_05_036.pdf
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2905465
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