PURPOSE: To evaluate the surface chemical composition and roughness of different phaco tips before and after their use during cataract surgery. SETTING: Eye Clinic, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Of the 66 tips studied, 33 (15 new, 15 after single use, and 3 after multiple uses) were studied with X-ray photoemission spectroscopy and 33 (15 new, 15 after single use, and 3 after multiple uses) were examined using scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis and contact profilometry. All analyses were performed on the far end of the tip. RESULTS: Used phaco tips showed signs of wear at the end of the tip, with the deposition of debris. The cutting edge appeared to be rounded and irregular. After surgery, an increase in the surface roughness was detected. The chemical analyses showed modification of the superficial alloy composition and the biological origin of some debris deposited after surgery. The deterioration and wear observed were more remarkable after multiple surgical procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Used phaco tips showed relevant signs of deterioration and deposition of biological material, mostly involving the cutting edge. Reusable tips might release remnants of previous procedures. The adoption of single-use disposable phaco tips seems to be highly advisable.

Chemical and physical analysis of phaco handpiece tip surfaces before and after cataract surgery

Cecchini, Paolo
;
D'Aloisio, Rossella;ANTONUCCIO, MANLIO;Turco, Gianluca;Bondino, Federica;Tognetto, Daniele
2017-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the surface chemical composition and roughness of different phaco tips before and after their use during cataract surgery. SETTING: Eye Clinic, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Of the 66 tips studied, 33 (15 new, 15 after single use, and 3 after multiple uses) were studied with X-ray photoemission spectroscopy and 33 (15 new, 15 after single use, and 3 after multiple uses) were examined using scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis and contact profilometry. All analyses were performed on the far end of the tip. RESULTS: Used phaco tips showed signs of wear at the end of the tip, with the deposition of debris. The cutting edge appeared to be rounded and irregular. After surgery, an increase in the surface roughness was detected. The chemical analyses showed modification of the superficial alloy composition and the biological origin of some debris deposited after surgery. The deterioration and wear observed were more remarkable after multiple surgical procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Used phaco tips showed relevant signs of deterioration and deposition of biological material, mostly involving the cutting edge. Reusable tips might release remnants of previous procedures. The adoption of single-use disposable phaco tips seems to be highly advisable.
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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0886335017304583?via%3Dihub
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2912701
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