Background: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in patients with particular neurologic disorders is a powerful tool to evaluate specific central nervous system inflammatory markers for diagnostic needs, because CSF represents the specific immune micro-environment to the central nervous system. Methods: CSF samples from 49 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) and non-inflammatory neurologic disorders (NIND) as controls were submitted to protein expression profiles of 47 inflammatory biomarkers by multiplex Luminex bead assay to investigate possible differences in the inflammatory process for MS and CIDP. Results: Our results showed differences in CSF cytokine levels in MS and CIDP, in particular IL12 (p40) was significantly highly expressed in MS in comparison with CIDP and NIND, while SDF-1 and SCGF- were significantly highly expressed in CIDP cohort when compared to MS and NIND. IL-9, IL-13, and IL-17 had higher expression levels in NIND if compared with the other groups. Conclusions: Our study showed that, despite some common pathogenic mechanisms, central and peripheral nervous system demyelinating diseases, such as MS and CIDP, differ in some specific inflammatory soluble proteins in CSF, underlining differences in the immune response involved in those autoimmune diseases

Cerebrospinal fluid cytokine expression profile in multiple sclerosis and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

Bonin Serena
;
Zanotta Nunzia;Manganotti Paolo;Trevisan Giusto;Comar Manola
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in patients with particular neurologic disorders is a powerful tool to evaluate specific central nervous system inflammatory markers for diagnostic needs, because CSF represents the specific immune micro-environment to the central nervous system. Methods: CSF samples from 49 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) and non-inflammatory neurologic disorders (NIND) as controls were submitted to protein expression profiles of 47 inflammatory biomarkers by multiplex Luminex bead assay to investigate possible differences in the inflammatory process for MS and CIDP. Results: Our results showed differences in CSF cytokine levels in MS and CIDP, in particular IL12 (p40) was significantly highly expressed in MS in comparison with CIDP and NIND, while SDF-1 and SCGF- were significantly highly expressed in CIDP cohort when compared to MS and NIND. IL-9, IL-13, and IL-17 had higher expression levels in NIND if compared with the other groups. Conclusions: Our study showed that, despite some common pathogenic mechanisms, central and peripheral nervous system demyelinating diseases, such as MS and CIDP, differ in some specific inflammatory soluble proteins in CSF, underlining differences in the immune response involved in those autoimmune diseases
28-nov-2017
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http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08820139.2017.1405978?journalCode=iimm20
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2913783
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