Spatial data mining (SDM) refers to the mining of knowledge from spatial data. Recently, location-based services have enabled the gathering of a significant amount of geo-referenced data, i.e., of spatial big data (SBD). Spatial datasets often exceed the ability of current computing systems to manage these data with reasonable effort; therefore, data-intensive computing and data mining techniques are useful tools for conducting an analysis. In this paper, we present an approach to the clustering of high-dimensional data that allows a flexible approach to the statistical modelling of phenomena characterised by unobserved heterogeneity. Numerous clustering algorithms have been developed for large databases; density-based algorithms particularly treat a huge amount of data in large spatial databases. We present the Modified Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise (MDBSCAN) algorithm and compare it to the classical k-means approach. Both applications use synthetic datasets and a dataset of satellite images.

A methodology for dealing with spatial big data

SCHOIER, GABRIELLA;BORRUSO, GIUSEPPE
2017

Abstract

Spatial data mining (SDM) refers to the mining of knowledge from spatial data. Recently, location-based services have enabled the gathering of a significant amount of geo-referenced data, i.e., of spatial big data (SBD). Spatial datasets often exceed the ability of current computing systems to manage these data with reasonable effort; therefore, data-intensive computing and data mining techniques are useful tools for conducting an analysis. In this paper, we present an approach to the clustering of high-dimensional data that allows a flexible approach to the statistical modelling of phenomena characterised by unobserved heterogeneity. Numerous clustering algorithms have been developed for large databases; density-based algorithms particularly treat a huge amount of data in large spatial databases. We present the Modified Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise (MDBSCAN) algorithm and compare it to the classical k-means approach. Both applications use synthetic datasets and a dataset of satellite images.
3-mar-2017
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http://www.inderscience.com/info/inarticle.php?artid=82705
http://www.inderscience.com/info/filter.php?aid=82705
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2914562
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