We provide a definition and explicit expressions for n-body Gaussian Process (GP) kernels which can learn any interatomic interaction occurring in a physical system, up to n-body contributions, for any value of n. The series is complete, as it can be shown that the "universal approximator" squared exponential kernel can be written as a sum of n-body kernels. These recipes enable the choice of optimally efficient force models for each target system, as confirmed by extensive testing on various materials. We furthermore describe how the n-body kernels can be "mapped" on equivalent representations that provide database-size-independent predictions and are thus crucially more efficient. We explicitly carry out this mapping procedure for the first non-trivial (3-body) kernel of the series, and show that this reproduces the GP-predicted forces with meV/A accuracy while being orders of magnitude faster. These results open the way to using novel force models (here named "M-FFs") that are computationally as fast as their corresponding standard parametrised n-body force fields, while retaining the nonparametric character, the ease of training and validation, and the accuracy of the best recently proposed machine learning potentials.

Efficient nonparametric n -body force fields from machine learning

De Vita, Alessandro
2018-01-01

Abstract

We provide a definition and explicit expressions for n-body Gaussian Process (GP) kernels which can learn any interatomic interaction occurring in a physical system, up to n-body contributions, for any value of n. The series is complete, as it can be shown that the "universal approximator" squared exponential kernel can be written as a sum of n-body kernels. These recipes enable the choice of optimally efficient force models for each target system, as confirmed by extensive testing on various materials. We furthermore describe how the n-body kernels can be "mapped" on equivalent representations that provide database-size-independent predictions and are thus crucially more efficient. We explicitly carry out this mapping procedure for the first non-trivial (3-body) kernel of the series, and show that this reproduces the GP-predicted forces with meV/A accuracy while being orders of magnitude faster. These results open the way to using novel force models (here named "M-FFs") that are computationally as fast as their corresponding standard parametrised n-body force fields, while retaining the nonparametric character, the ease of training and validation, and the accuracy of the best recently proposed machine learning potentials.
2018
Pubblicato
http://harvest.aps.org/v2/bagit/articles/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.184307/apsxml
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2928405
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