BACKGROUND: Cut-out is the most common mechanical complication of the osteosynthesis of pertrochanteric fractures. This complication determines a significant increase in morbidity in elderly patient. Cut-out is defined as the varus collapse of the femoral head-neck fragment with the extrusion of the cephalic screw. Surgical treatment of cut-out might lead to further complications, longer rehabilitation, increased social burden and healthcare system costs. The aim of the study is to identify the predictors of cut-out to prevent its occurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study population included all patients affected by extracapsular fracture of the proximal femur who were admitted and treated with short cephalomedullary nailing at the Cattinara Hospital-ASUITS of Trieste between 2009 and 2014. A retrospective analysis of clinical and radiographic data was carried out and cut-out cases recorded. The data collected on the study population were analyzed to find an eventual correlation with the occurrence of cut-out. The independent variables were age, gender, side of the fracture, ASA class, Evans classification, nailing system, quality of reduction, TAD, CalTAD, and Parker ratio. RESULTS: The study population counted 813 cases, with an F:M ratio of 4:1 and a mean age of 84.7 years. The cut-out was recorded in 18 cases (2.2%). There was no statistically significant association between cut-out and age, sex, side of fracture, ASA class, and nailing system. The Evans classification, the quality of reduction, the TAD, the CalTAD, and the Parker's ratio demonstrated a significant correlation at univariate analysis with cut-out. The results of multivariate analysis confirmed that TAD, Parker AP, and quality of reduction were independently significantly correlated to cut-out. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study demonstrate that good quality of reduction and correct position of the lag screw are likely to decrease the risk of cut-out complication. A nomogram for cut-out prediction is proposed for clinical validation.

Predictors of cut-out after cephalomedullary nail fixation of pertrochanteric fractures: a retrospective study of 813 patients

Murena, Luigi;MORETTI, ANTONIO;MEO, FRANCESCA;SAGGIORO, ENRICO;Barbati, Giulia;Ratti, Chiara;Canton, Gianluca
2018-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cut-out is the most common mechanical complication of the osteosynthesis of pertrochanteric fractures. This complication determines a significant increase in morbidity in elderly patient. Cut-out is defined as the varus collapse of the femoral head-neck fragment with the extrusion of the cephalic screw. Surgical treatment of cut-out might lead to further complications, longer rehabilitation, increased social burden and healthcare system costs. The aim of the study is to identify the predictors of cut-out to prevent its occurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study population included all patients affected by extracapsular fracture of the proximal femur who were admitted and treated with short cephalomedullary nailing at the Cattinara Hospital-ASUITS of Trieste between 2009 and 2014. A retrospective analysis of clinical and radiographic data was carried out and cut-out cases recorded. The data collected on the study population were analyzed to find an eventual correlation with the occurrence of cut-out. The independent variables were age, gender, side of the fracture, ASA class, Evans classification, nailing system, quality of reduction, TAD, CalTAD, and Parker ratio. RESULTS: The study population counted 813 cases, with an F:M ratio of 4:1 and a mean age of 84.7 years. The cut-out was recorded in 18 cases (2.2%). There was no statistically significant association between cut-out and age, sex, side of fracture, ASA class, and nailing system. The Evans classification, the quality of reduction, the TAD, the CalTAD, and the Parker's ratio demonstrated a significant correlation at univariate analysis with cut-out. The results of multivariate analysis confirmed that TAD, Parker AP, and quality of reduction were independently significantly correlated to cut-out. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study demonstrate that good quality of reduction and correct position of the lag screw are likely to decrease the risk of cut-out complication. A nomogram for cut-out prediction is proposed for clinical validation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2928655
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