The biochemical properties of muscle extracellular matrix are essential for stem cell adhesion, motility, proliferation and myogenic development. Recombinant elastin-like polypeptides are synthetic polypeptides that, besides maintaining some properties of the native protein, can be tailored by fusing bioactive sequences to their C-terminal. Our laboratory synthesized several Human Elastin-Like Polypeptides (HELP) derived from the sequence of human tropoelastin. Here, we developed a novel HELP family member by fusing the elastin-like backbone to the sequence of human Epidermal Growth Factor. We employed this synthetic protein, named HEGF, either alone or in combination with other proteins of the HELP family carrying RGD-integrin binding sites, as adhesion substrate for C2C12 myoblasts and satellite cells primary cultures. Adhesion of myoblasts to HEGF-based substrates induced scattering, decreased adhesion and cytoskeleton assembly; the concomitant presence of the RGD motifs potentiated all these effects. Recombinant substrates induced myoblasts proliferation, differentiation and the development of multinucleated myotubes, thus favoring myoblasts expansion and preserving their myogenic potential. The effects induced by adhesion substrates were inhibited by AG82 (Tyrphostin 25) and herbimycin A, indicating their dependence on the activation of both the EGF receptor and the tyrosine kinase c-src. Finally, HEGF increased the number of muscle stem cells (satellite cells) derived from isolated muscle fibers in culture, thus highlighting its potential as a novel substrate for skeletal muscle regeneration strategies.

Epidermal Growth Factor – based adhesion substrates elicit myoblast scattering, proliferation, differentiation and promote satellite cell myogenic activation

Paola D'Andrea
;
Marina Sciancalepore;Paola Lorenzon;Antonella Bandiera
2018

Abstract

The biochemical properties of muscle extracellular matrix are essential for stem cell adhesion, motility, proliferation and myogenic development. Recombinant elastin-like polypeptides are synthetic polypeptides that, besides maintaining some properties of the native protein, can be tailored by fusing bioactive sequences to their C-terminal. Our laboratory synthesized several Human Elastin-Like Polypeptides (HELP) derived from the sequence of human tropoelastin. Here, we developed a novel HELP family member by fusing the elastin-like backbone to the sequence of human Epidermal Growth Factor. We employed this synthetic protein, named HEGF, either alone or in combination with other proteins of the HELP family carrying RGD-integrin binding sites, as adhesion substrate for C2C12 myoblasts and satellite cells primary cultures. Adhesion of myoblasts to HEGF-based substrates induced scattering, decreased adhesion and cytoskeleton assembly; the concomitant presence of the RGD motifs potentiated all these effects. Recombinant substrates induced myoblasts proliferation, differentiation and the development of multinucleated myotubes, thus favoring myoblasts expansion and preserving their myogenic potential. The effects induced by adhesion substrates were inhibited by AG82 (Tyrphostin 25) and herbimycin A, indicating their dependence on the activation of both the EGF receptor and the tyrosine kinase c-src. Finally, HEGF increased the number of muscle stem cells (satellite cells) derived from isolated muscle fibers in culture, thus highlighting its potential as a novel substrate for skeletal muscle regeneration strategies.
18-ott-2018
Epub ahead of print
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167488918304683?via%3Dihub#f0040
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2930366
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