Late diagnosis for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) remains one of the leading causes for the high mortality rate. The apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1), an essential member of the base excision DNA repair (BER) pathway, contributes to cell response to oxidative stress and has other non-repair activities. In this study, we evaluate the role of serum APE1 (sAPE1) as a new diagnostic biomarker and we investigate the biological role for extracellular APE1 in HCC. sAPE1 level was quantified in 99 HCC patients, 50 non-HCC cirrhotic and 100 healthy controls. The expression level was significantly high in HCC (75.8 [67.3–87.9] pg/mL) compared to cirrhosis (29.8 [18.3–36.5] pg/mL] and controls (10.8 [7.5–13.2] pg/mL) (p < 0.001). The sAPE1 level corresponded with its protein expression in HCC tissue. sAPE1 had high diagnostic accuracy to differentiate HCC from cirrhotic (AUC = 0.87, sensitivity 88%, specificity 71%, cut-off of 36.3 pg/mL) and healthy subjects (AUC 0.98, sensibility 98% and specificity 83%, cut-off of 19.0 pg/mL). Recombinant APE1, exogenously added to JHH6 cells, significantly promotes IL-6 and IL-8 expression, suggesting a role of sAPE1 as a paracrine pro-inflammatory molecule, which may modulate the inflammatory status in cancer microenvironment. We described herein, for the first time to our knowledge, that sAPE1 might be considered as a promising diagnostic biomarker for HCC.

Serum AP-endonuclease 1 (sAPE1) as novel biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma

Pascut, Devis;Sukowati, Caecilia Hapsari Ceriapuri;ANTONIALI, GIULIA;BUONOCORE, Matteo Rossano;Crocè, Saveria Lory;Tiribelli, Claudio
;
Tell, Gianluca
2019

Abstract

Late diagnosis for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) remains one of the leading causes for the high mortality rate. The apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1), an essential member of the base excision DNA repair (BER) pathway, contributes to cell response to oxidative stress and has other non-repair activities. In this study, we evaluate the role of serum APE1 (sAPE1) as a new diagnostic biomarker and we investigate the biological role for extracellular APE1 in HCC. sAPE1 level was quantified in 99 HCC patients, 50 non-HCC cirrhotic and 100 healthy controls. The expression level was significantly high in HCC (75.8 [67.3–87.9] pg/mL) compared to cirrhosis (29.8 [18.3–36.5] pg/mL] and controls (10.8 [7.5–13.2] pg/mL) (p < 0.001). The sAPE1 level corresponded with its protein expression in HCC tissue. sAPE1 had high diagnostic accuracy to differentiate HCC from cirrhotic (AUC = 0.87, sensitivity 88%, specificity 71%, cut-off of 36.3 pg/mL) and healthy subjects (AUC 0.98, sensibility 98% and specificity 83%, cut-off of 19.0 pg/mL). Recombinant APE1, exogenously added to JHH6 cells, significantly promotes IL-6 and IL-8 expression, suggesting a role of sAPE1 as a paracrine pro-inflammatory molecule, which may modulate the inflammatory status in cancer microenvironment. We described herein, for the first time to our knowledge, that sAPE1 might be considered as a promising diagnostic biomarker for HCC.
Pubblicato
http://www.oncotarget.com/index.php?journal=oncotarget&amp;page=article&amp;op=view&amp;path[]=26555
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349448/
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
oncotarget 26555-1018123-4-PB.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Copyright: Pascut et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credi
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 4.15 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.15 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
26555-1018128-1-SP.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: supplementary files
Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.42 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.42 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2934988
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 14
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact