The aim of the study was the identification of a pharmacogenetic profile predictive of the tumor regression grade (TRG), considered as tumor response parameter, after neo-adjuvant treatment in rectal cancer patients. A total of 238 rectal cancer patients treated in a neo-adjuvant setting by a fluoropyrimidines-based chemo-radiotherapy (RT) were genotyped for 25 genetic polymorphisms in 16 genes relevant for treatment-associated pathways. Two polymorphisms were associated with TRG in a multivariate analysis: hOGG1-1245C>G, which can affect radiosensitivity and MTHFR-677C>T, which is involved in fluoropyrimidines action. Patients bearing at least one variant allele had a lower chance to get TRG <= 2 (OR 0.46 95% CI 0.23-0.90, P=0.024; and OR=0.48 95% CI 0.24-0.96, P=0.034; respectively). An association trend was observed for ABCB1-3435C>T, which is responsible for the multi-drug resistance (odds ratio (OR)=1.96, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.98-3.95, P=0.057). Exploratory classification and regression tree (CART) analysis highlighted high-order gene-gene and gene-environment interactions and a genetic signature associated with differential response, with hOGG1-1245C>G as the most predictive factor. Other significant variables were: ABCB1-3435C>T, MTHFR-677C>T, ERCC1-8092C>A, ABCC2-1249G>A, XRCC1-28152G>A, XRCC3-4541A>G and patients gender. On the basis of CART results, patients were categorized into three groups according to tumor response probability: intermediate and high profiles had a higher probability to get TRG <= 2 as compared with low profiles (OR=4.12 95% CI 1.46-11.65, P<0.001 and OR=12.44, 95% CI 5.52-28.04, P<0.0001, respectively). This study evidences a major role of hOGG1-1245C>G and MTHFR-677C>T polymorphisms in the tumor response of rectal cancer patients treated with chemo-RT in neo-adjuvant setting, and shows the relevance of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions for complex phenotypes as tumor response. The Pharmacogenomics Journal (2011) 11, 214-226; doi:10.1038/tpj.2010.25; published online 6 April 2010

Tumor response is predicted by patient genetic profile in rectal cancer patients treated with neo-adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy

Canzonieri V;
2011-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the study was the identification of a pharmacogenetic profile predictive of the tumor regression grade (TRG), considered as tumor response parameter, after neo-adjuvant treatment in rectal cancer patients. A total of 238 rectal cancer patients treated in a neo-adjuvant setting by a fluoropyrimidines-based chemo-radiotherapy (RT) were genotyped for 25 genetic polymorphisms in 16 genes relevant for treatment-associated pathways. Two polymorphisms were associated with TRG in a multivariate analysis: hOGG1-1245C>G, which can affect radiosensitivity and MTHFR-677C>T, which is involved in fluoropyrimidines action. Patients bearing at least one variant allele had a lower chance to get TRG <= 2 (OR 0.46 95% CI 0.23-0.90, P=0.024; and OR=0.48 95% CI 0.24-0.96, P=0.034; respectively). An association trend was observed for ABCB1-3435C>T, which is responsible for the multi-drug resistance (odds ratio (OR)=1.96, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.98-3.95, P=0.057). Exploratory classification and regression tree (CART) analysis highlighted high-order gene-gene and gene-environment interactions and a genetic signature associated with differential response, with hOGG1-1245C>G as the most predictive factor. Other significant variables were: ABCB1-3435C>T, MTHFR-677C>T, ERCC1-8092C>A, ABCC2-1249G>A, XRCC1-28152G>A, XRCC3-4541A>G and patients gender. On the basis of CART results, patients were categorized into three groups according to tumor response probability: intermediate and high profiles had a higher probability to get TRG <= 2 as compared with low profiles (OR=4.12 95% CI 1.46-11.65, P<0.001 and OR=12.44, 95% CI 5.52-28.04, P<0.0001, respectively). This study evidences a major role of hOGG1-1245C>G and MTHFR-677C>T polymorphisms in the tumor response of rectal cancer patients treated with chemo-RT in neo-adjuvant setting, and shows the relevance of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions for complex phenotypes as tumor response. The Pharmacogenomics Journal (2011) 11, 214-226; doi:10.1038/tpj.2010.25; published online 6 April 2010
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2937598
 Avviso

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 54
social impact