A crucial step towards developing a more complete understanding of mercury (Hg) biogeochemical cycling in coastal environments is the measurement of the fluxes of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM), at thewater-air interface (W-A interface). A floating flux chamber coupled with a real-time atomic adsorption spectrometer (Lumex-RA 915M) was applied to measure GEM concentrations, and to estimate the diurnal evasion flux at the W-A interface during three seasonal campaigns at four selected sites: two in a lagoon-based fish farm, one in an open lagoon environment highly impacted by long-term activities from the Idrija mercury mine (Slovenia), and an uncontaminated area of the Gulf of Trieste, the Bay of Piran (Slovenia). In this study, the regional background concentration measured at the uncontaminated site of atmospheric GEM (from 1.60 ± 0.95 to 2.87 ± 1.52 ng m−3) was determined. GEM fluxes at the W-A interface were found to be significantly higher during the summer (from 51.2 ± 8.8 ng m−2 h−1 to 79.9 ± 11.4 ng m−2 h−1) and correlated to incident solar radiation and water temperature. This finding confirms the importance of these two parameters in the photoreduction and biotic reduction ofHg2+ to dissolved gaseousmercury (DGM),which is volatile and easily released to the atmosphere in the form of GEM. These newinsightswill be of help for future estimates of Hg mass balance in one of the most contaminated areas in the Adriatic Sea.

Diurnal fluxes of gaseous elemental mercury from the water-air interface in coastal environments of the northern Adriatic Sea

Federico Floreani;Alessandro Acquavita;Elisa Petranich;Stefano Covelli
2019-01-01

Abstract

A crucial step towards developing a more complete understanding of mercury (Hg) biogeochemical cycling in coastal environments is the measurement of the fluxes of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM), at thewater-air interface (W-A interface). A floating flux chamber coupled with a real-time atomic adsorption spectrometer (Lumex-RA 915M) was applied to measure GEM concentrations, and to estimate the diurnal evasion flux at the W-A interface during three seasonal campaigns at four selected sites: two in a lagoon-based fish farm, one in an open lagoon environment highly impacted by long-term activities from the Idrija mercury mine (Slovenia), and an uncontaminated area of the Gulf of Trieste, the Bay of Piran (Slovenia). In this study, the regional background concentration measured at the uncontaminated site of atmospheric GEM (from 1.60 ± 0.95 to 2.87 ± 1.52 ng m−3) was determined. GEM fluxes at the W-A interface were found to be significantly higher during the summer (from 51.2 ± 8.8 ng m−2 h−1 to 79.9 ± 11.4 ng m−2 h−1) and correlated to incident solar radiation and water temperature. This finding confirms the importance of these two parameters in the photoreduction and biotic reduction ofHg2+ to dissolved gaseousmercury (DGM),which is volatile and easily released to the atmosphere in the form of GEM. These newinsightswill be of help for future estimates of Hg mass balance in one of the most contaminated areas in the Adriatic Sea.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2939307
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