The spread of antibiotic-resistant pathogens has boosted the search for new antimicrobial drugs. Proline-rich antimicrobial peptides are promising lead compounds for the development of next-generation antibiotics, given their very low cytotoxicity and their good antimicrobial activity targeting the bacterial ribosome. Bac5(1–25) is an N-terminal fragment of the bovine proline-rich antimicrobial peptide Bac5, whose mode of action has been recently described. In this work we tested a number of Bac5(1–25) fragments, and we characterized their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enterica, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We evaluated their cytotoxicity toward human cells and their efficacy in inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis. This allowed us to identify some shorter fragments of Bac5(1–25) with a good balance between antibacterial efficacy, protein synthesis inhibition, and ease/cost-effectiveness of synthesis, suitable as lead compounds to develop new antibacterials.

Search for Shorter Portions of the Proline-Rich Antimicrobial Peptide Fragment Bac5(1–25) That Retain Antimicrobial Activity by Blocking Protein Synthesis

Mardirossian, Mario;Sola, Riccardo;Degasperi, Margherita;Scocchi, Marco
2019-01-01

Abstract

The spread of antibiotic-resistant pathogens has boosted the search for new antimicrobial drugs. Proline-rich antimicrobial peptides are promising lead compounds for the development of next-generation antibiotics, given their very low cytotoxicity and their good antimicrobial activity targeting the bacterial ribosome. Bac5(1–25) is an N-terminal fragment of the bovine proline-rich antimicrobial peptide Bac5, whose mode of action has been recently described. In this work we tested a number of Bac5(1–25) fragments, and we characterized their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enterica, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We evaluated their cytotoxicity toward human cells and their efficacy in inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis. This allowed us to identify some shorter fragments of Bac5(1–25) with a good balance between antibacterial efficacy, protein synthesis inhibition, and ease/cost-effectiveness of synthesis, suitable as lead compounds to develop new antibacterials.
2019
7-gen-2019
Pubblicato
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2940515
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