The aim of the study is to investigate Aphanius fasciatus biology in the northern section of its distribution area. Within the Natural Regional Reserve of the Isonzo River Mouth, 8 sampling sites were monitored between late spring (May) and autumn (November) in 2015 and 2016: 257 specimens were collected, and five age classes were determined by scale reading (0+ to 4+). No significant differences were observed for total length and weight between sexes. Sex ratio was 2.37 and favored females. Seven meristic characters were analyzed on 60 specimens found dead: values showed no significant differences between sexes, except for the number of vertical flank bars in 0+ and 1+ age classes. The gonadosomatic index was analyzed on 33 specimens, showing maximum values in June for females (11.44%) and in July for males (5.74%). Values decrease over following months and reaching a minimum in late August for females (0.42%); no data were available for males in August. Histological analyses suggest that A. fasciatus is a multiple serial spawner: the reproductive period starts in June, while the first recruitment phase occurs in August. Female gonads showed asynchronous development, with germinal cells at each maturation stage, but no dominant phases were observed.

Distribution and biology of Aphanius fasciatus (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontidae) in the Isonzo river mouth (Friuli Venezia Giulia, Northeast Italy)

Bertoli, M.
Data Curation
;
Giulianini, P. G.
Methodology
;
Pastorino, P.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pizzul, E.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2019-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the study is to investigate Aphanius fasciatus biology in the northern section of its distribution area. Within the Natural Regional Reserve of the Isonzo River Mouth, 8 sampling sites were monitored between late spring (May) and autumn (November) in 2015 and 2016: 257 specimens were collected, and five age classes were determined by scale reading (0+ to 4+). No significant differences were observed for total length and weight between sexes. Sex ratio was 2.37 and favored females. Seven meristic characters were analyzed on 60 specimens found dead: values showed no significant differences between sexes, except for the number of vertical flank bars in 0+ and 1+ age classes. The gonadosomatic index was analyzed on 33 specimens, showing maximum values in June for females (11.44%) and in July for males (5.74%). Values decrease over following months and reaching a minimum in late August for females (0.42%); no data were available for males in August. Histological analyses suggest that A. fasciatus is a multiple serial spawner: the reproductive period starts in June, while the first recruitment phase occurs in August. Female gonads showed asynchronous development, with germinal cells at each maturation stage, but no dominant phases were observed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2948391
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