Aims. We exploit synchrotron radiation to constrain the low-energy interstellar electron spectrum, using various radio surveys and connecting with electron data from Fermi-LAT and other experiments. Methods. The GALPROP programme for cosmic-ray propagation, gamma-ray and synchrotron radiation is used. Secondary electrons and positrons are included. Propagation models based on cosmic-ray and gamma-ray data are tested against synchrotron data from 22 MHz to 94 GHz. Results. The synchrotron data confirm the need for a low-energy break in the cosmic-ray electron injection spectrum. The interstellar spectrum below a few GeV has to be lower than standard models predict, and this suggests less solar modulation than usually assumed. Reacceleration models are more difficult to reconcile with the synchrotron constraints. We show that secondary leptons are important for the interpretation of synchrotron emission. We also consider a cosmic-ray propagation origin for the low-energy break. Conclusions. Exploiting the complementary information on cosmic rays and synchrotron gives unique and essential constraints on electrons, and has implications for gamma rays. This connection is especially relevant now in view of the ongoing Planck and Fermi missions.

The interstellar cosmic-ray electron spectrum from synchrotron radiation and direct measurements

Orlando E;
2011

Abstract

Aims. We exploit synchrotron radiation to constrain the low-energy interstellar electron spectrum, using various radio surveys and connecting with electron data from Fermi-LAT and other experiments. Methods. The GALPROP programme for cosmic-ray propagation, gamma-ray and synchrotron radiation is used. Secondary electrons and positrons are included. Propagation models based on cosmic-ray and gamma-ray data are tested against synchrotron data from 22 MHz to 94 GHz. Results. The synchrotron data confirm the need for a low-energy break in the cosmic-ray electron injection spectrum. The interstellar spectrum below a few GeV has to be lower than standard models predict, and this suggests less solar modulation than usually assumed. Reacceleration models are more difficult to reconcile with the synchrotron constraints. We show that secondary leptons are important for the interpretation of synchrotron emission. We also consider a cosmic-ray propagation origin for the low-energy break. Conclusions. Exploiting the complementary information on cosmic rays and synchrotron gives unique and essential constraints on electrons, and has implications for gamma rays. This connection is especially relevant now in view of the ongoing Planck and Fermi missions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2948566
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