The clinical syndrome of mitral insufficiency is a common consequence of mitral valve (MV) prolapse, when the MV leaflets do not seal the closed orifice and blood regurgitates back to the atrium during ventricular contraction. There are different types of MV prolapse that may influence the degree of regurgitation also in relation to the left ventricle (LV) geometry. This study aims to provide some insight into the fluid dynamics of MV insufficiency in view of improving the different measurements available in the clinical setting. The analysis is performed by a computational fluid dynamics model coupled with an asymptotic model of the MV motion. The computational fluid dynamics solution uses the immersed boundary method that is efficiently integrated with clinical imaging technologies. Healthy and dilated LVs obtained by multislice cardiac MRI are combined with simplified models of healthy and pathological MVs deduced from computed tomography and 4D-transesophageal echocardiography. The results demonstrated the properties of false regurgitation, blood that did not cross the open MV orifice and returns into the atrium during the backward motion of the MV leaflets, whose entity should be accounted when evaluating small regurgitation. The regurgitating volume is found to be proportional to the effective orifice area, with the limited dependence of the LV geometry and type of prolapse. These affect the percentage of old blood returning to the atrium which may be associated with thrombogenic risk.

Analysis of mitral valve regurgitation by computational fluid dynamics

Collia, Dario;Zovatto, Luigino;Pedrizzetti, Gianni
2019

Abstract

The clinical syndrome of mitral insufficiency is a common consequence of mitral valve (MV) prolapse, when the MV leaflets do not seal the closed orifice and blood regurgitates back to the atrium during ventricular contraction. There are different types of MV prolapse that may influence the degree of regurgitation also in relation to the left ventricle (LV) geometry. This study aims to provide some insight into the fluid dynamics of MV insufficiency in view of improving the different measurements available in the clinical setting. The analysis is performed by a computational fluid dynamics model coupled with an asymptotic model of the MV motion. The computational fluid dynamics solution uses the immersed boundary method that is efficiently integrated with clinical imaging technologies. Healthy and dilated LVs obtained by multislice cardiac MRI are combined with simplified models of healthy and pathological MVs deduced from computed tomography and 4D-transesophageal echocardiography. The results demonstrated the properties of false regurgitation, blood that did not cross the open MV orifice and returns into the atrium during the backward motion of the MV leaflets, whose entity should be accounted when evaluating small regurgitation. The regurgitating volume is found to be proportional to the effective orifice area, with the limited dependence of the LV geometry and type of prolapse. These affect the percentage of old blood returning to the atrium which may be associated with thrombogenic risk.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2948663
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