Thirty untreated patients, median age 69 years (range 60 - 75 years), with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (B-DLCL) were treated with a pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PL-doxorubicin) modified CHOP-rituximab regimen. PL-doxorubicin 30 mg/m2, was given in combination with standard dosage of prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab (according to CHOP-R regimen) every 21 days for six courses. Cardiac toxicity was evaluated by mean of echocardiography for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) evaluations and serum troponin-I levels. Overall response and complete response rates were 76% and 59%. Projected two year event free survival and overall survival are 65.5% and 68.5%. No treatment-related mortality was documented. WHO grade III-IV neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were 86% and 3%. Extra-hematological III-IV toxicity was represented, respectively, by a single case of infection, mucositis, and bleeding. LVEF evaluations and the troponin levels did not show significant changes over the course of the treatment. One patient with a previous history of atrial fibrillation experienced a single episode of arrhythmia. None of the patients developed palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia. This regimen appears an active regimen for the treatment of elderly patients with B-DLCL. The replacement of conventional doxorubicin with PL-doxorubicin seems to be associated with a negligible incidence of extra-hematological toxicity, in particular cardiac and infectious complications.

CHOP-rituximab with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin for the treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

ZAJA, Francesco;FANIN, Renato
2006-01-01

Abstract

Thirty untreated patients, median age 69 years (range 60 - 75 years), with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (B-DLCL) were treated with a pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PL-doxorubicin) modified CHOP-rituximab regimen. PL-doxorubicin 30 mg/m2, was given in combination with standard dosage of prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab (according to CHOP-R regimen) every 21 days for six courses. Cardiac toxicity was evaluated by mean of echocardiography for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) evaluations and serum troponin-I levels. Overall response and complete response rates were 76% and 59%. Projected two year event free survival and overall survival are 65.5% and 68.5%. No treatment-related mortality was documented. WHO grade III-IV neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were 86% and 3%. Extra-hematological III-IV toxicity was represented, respectively, by a single case of infection, mucositis, and bleeding. LVEF evaluations and the troponin levels did not show significant changes over the course of the treatment. One patient with a previous history of atrial fibrillation experienced a single episode of arrhythmia. None of the patients developed palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia. This regimen appears an active regimen for the treatment of elderly patients with B-DLCL. The replacement of conventional doxorubicin with PL-doxorubicin seems to be associated with a negligible incidence of extra-hematological toxicity, in particular cardiac and infectious complications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2953492
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