OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of sonographic cervical-length (CL) measurement in mid-gestation for spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) in asymptomatic triplet pregnancy. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of asymptomatic triplet pregnancies followed at five Italian tertiary referral centers, between 2002 and 2015. CL was measured transvaginally between 18 and 24 weeks' gestation. Pregnancies with medically indicated PTB were excluded. Demographic and pregnancy characteristics of pregnancies complicated by PTB were analyzed and the distributions of CL measurements in these patients were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between CL and PTB, adjusted for confounders. Performance of CL measurement in prediction of PTB < 28, < 30 and < 32 weeks of gestation was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 120 triplet pregnancies were included in the final analysis. Median CL was 35 (interquartile range (IQR), 29-40) mm measured at a median gestational age of 20 + 2 (IQR, 20 + 0 to 23 + 4) weeks. Overall, 23 (19.2%), 17 (14.2%) and eight (6.7%) patients had a CL < 25, < 20 and < 15 mm, respectively. Spontaneous PTB < 32 weeks occurred in 41 (34.2%) cases, < 30 weeks in 23 (19.2%) and < 28 weeks in 12 (10%) cases. CL < 15 mm was significantly more frequent in the group of patients who delivered < 28 (P = 0.03) and < 30 (P = 0.01) weeks' gestation, compared with those who delivered after 28 and after 30 weeks, respectively, while CL < 20 mm was more common in triplet pregnancies with delivery < 32 weeks compared with those delivered ≥ 32 weeks (P = 0.03). Logistic regression analysis was possible only for PTB < 32 weeks due to the small number of cases that delivered < 30 and < 28 weeks. After adjustment for confounders, CL was not significantly associated with PTB < 32 weeks (adjusted odds ratio, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.94-1.01). CL measurement had an area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve of 0.41 (95% CI, 0.20-0.62), 0.41 (95% CI, 0.26-0.56) and 0.42 (95% CI, 0.31-0.54) for the prediction of spontaneous PTB < 28, < 30 and < 32 weeks, respectively.

Cervical-length measurement in mid-gestation to predict spontaneous preterm birth in asymptomatic triplet pregnancy

Fichera A.
;
Pagani G.;Pasquini L.;Stampalija T.;Tommasini A.;
2018

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of sonographic cervical-length (CL) measurement in mid-gestation for spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) in asymptomatic triplet pregnancy. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of asymptomatic triplet pregnancies followed at five Italian tertiary referral centers, between 2002 and 2015. CL was measured transvaginally between 18 and 24 weeks' gestation. Pregnancies with medically indicated PTB were excluded. Demographic and pregnancy characteristics of pregnancies complicated by PTB were analyzed and the distributions of CL measurements in these patients were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between CL and PTB, adjusted for confounders. Performance of CL measurement in prediction of PTB < 28, < 30 and < 32 weeks of gestation was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 120 triplet pregnancies were included in the final analysis. Median CL was 35 (interquartile range (IQR), 29-40) mm measured at a median gestational age of 20 + 2 (IQR, 20 + 0 to 23 + 4) weeks. Overall, 23 (19.2%), 17 (14.2%) and eight (6.7%) patients had a CL < 25, < 20 and < 15 mm, respectively. Spontaneous PTB < 32 weeks occurred in 41 (34.2%) cases, < 30 weeks in 23 (19.2%) and < 28 weeks in 12 (10%) cases. CL < 15 mm was significantly more frequent in the group of patients who delivered < 28 (P = 0.03) and < 30 (P = 0.01) weeks' gestation, compared with those who delivered after 28 and after 30 weeks, respectively, while CL < 20 mm was more common in triplet pregnancies with delivery < 32 weeks compared with those delivered ≥ 32 weeks (P = 0.03). Logistic regression analysis was possible only for PTB < 32 weeks due to the small number of cases that delivered < 30 and < 28 weeks. After adjustment for confounders, CL was not significantly associated with PTB < 32 weeks (adjusted odds ratio, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.94-1.01). CL measurement had an area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve of 0.41 (95% CI, 0.20-0.62), 0.41 (95% CI, 0.26-0.56) and 0.42 (95% CI, 0.31-0.54) for the prediction of spontaneous PTB < 28, < 30 and < 32 weeks, respectively.
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https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/uog.17464
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2955388
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