Sequential use of the TPO-RAs romiplostim and eltrombopag in ITP patients failing either agent was retrospectively evaluated to assess efficacy and impact of clinical characteristics on outcome. Patients were grouped into 5 categories: efficacy issues: 1st TPO-RA failure; loss of response; non-efficacy issues: platelet fluctuations; patient's preference; adverse event development. Either one TPO-RA sequence was analyzed at 3 month and at last follow-up. 106/546 patients on TPO-RA underwent switch and 65% achieved, regained or maintained a short- term response independent of switch sequence, gender or age; lower response rates were associated with lines of previous therapy; disease duration lowers probability to respond. Clinically, patients switched for efficacy issue did not differ from those switched for non-efficacy issues. Response was achieved/regained in 57.8% of patients switched for efficacy issues, the lowest response rates were observed in non-responders to 1st TPO-RA; 80% of patients switched for non-efficacy issues maintained a response. Platelet fluctuation resolved in 44.4%. Of the 49 patients evaluable for long-term outcome, 27 were in response on therapy; 16 discontinued the TPO-RA for reasons other than efficacy, while only 6 were non responders. We confirm the efficacy of TPO-RA switch; once achieved, response to the 2nd TPO-RA seems durable.

Alternate use of thrombopoietin receptor agonists in adult primary immune thrombocytopenia patients: A retrospective collaborative survey from Italian hematology centers

Zaja, Francesco;
2018

Abstract

Sequential use of the TPO-RAs romiplostim and eltrombopag in ITP patients failing either agent was retrospectively evaluated to assess efficacy and impact of clinical characteristics on outcome. Patients were grouped into 5 categories: efficacy issues: 1st TPO-RA failure; loss of response; non-efficacy issues: platelet fluctuations; patient's preference; adverse event development. Either one TPO-RA sequence was analyzed at 3 month and at last follow-up. 106/546 patients on TPO-RA underwent switch and 65% achieved, regained or maintained a short- term response independent of switch sequence, gender or age; lower response rates were associated with lines of previous therapy; disease duration lowers probability to respond. Clinically, patients switched for efficacy issue did not differ from those switched for non-efficacy issues. Response was achieved/regained in 57.8% of patients switched for efficacy issues, the lowest response rates were observed in non-responders to 1st TPO-RA; 80% of patients switched for non-efficacy issues maintained a response. Platelet fluctuation resolved in 44.4%. Of the 49 patients evaluable for long-term outcome, 27 were in response on therapy; 16 discontinued the TPO-RA for reasons other than efficacy, while only 6 were non responders. We confirm the efficacy of TPO-RA switch; once achieved, response to the 2nd TPO-RA seems durable.
Pubblicato
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ajh.24935
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Cantoni_et_al-2018-American_Journal_of_Hematology.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 1.23 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.23 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2955643
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 22
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact