A new, bifunctional recombinant protein was expressed as the fusion product of human elastin-like polypeptide (HELP) and the bilirubin-binding protein UnaG. The engineered product displays both the HELP-specific property of forming a functional hydrogel matrix and the UnaG-specific capacity of emitting green fluorescence upon ligand binding. The new fusion protein has been proven to be effective at detecting bilirubin in complex environments with high background noise. A cell culture model of the stress response, consisting of bilirubin released in the cell culture medium, was set up to assess the bilirubin-sensing properties of the functional matrix obtained by cross-linking the HELP moiety. Our engineered protein allowed us to monitor cell induction by the release of bilirubin in the culture medium on a nanomolar scale. This study shows that elastin-like protein fusion represents a versatile platform for the development of novel and commercially viable analytical and biosensing devices.

Human elastin-like polypeptides as a versatile platform for exploitation of ultrasensitive bilirubin detection by UnaG

Bandiera A.
;
Corich L.;Tommasi S.;Pelizzo P.;Stebel M.;Passamonti S.
2020-01-01

Abstract

A new, bifunctional recombinant protein was expressed as the fusion product of human elastin-like polypeptide (HELP) and the bilirubin-binding protein UnaG. The engineered product displays both the HELP-specific property of forming a functional hydrogel matrix and the UnaG-specific capacity of emitting green fluorescence upon ligand binding. The new fusion protein has been proven to be effective at detecting bilirubin in complex environments with high background noise. A cell culture model of the stress response, consisting of bilirubin released in the cell culture medium, was set up to assess the bilirubin-sensing properties of the functional matrix obtained by cross-linking the HELP moiety. Our engineered protein allowed us to monitor cell induction by the release of bilirubin in the culture medium on a nanomolar scale. This study shows that elastin-like protein fusion represents a versatile platform for the development of novel and commercially viable analytical and biosensing devices.
2020
Pubblicato
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/bit.27217
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2957448
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