Microorganisms often grow in communities called biofilms where cells are imbedded in a complex self-produced biopolymeric matrix composed mainly of polysaccharides, proteins, and DNA. This matrix, together with cell proximity, confers many advantages to these microbial communities, but also constitutes a serious concern when biofilms develop in human tissues or on implanted prostheses. Although polysaccharides are considered the main constituents of the matrices, their specific role needs to be clarified. We have investigated the chemical and morphological properties of the polysaccharide extracted from biofilms produced by the C1576 reference strain of the opportunistic pathogen Burkholderia multivorans, which causes lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients. The aim of the present study is the definition of possible interactions of the polysaccharide and the three-dimensional conformation of its chain within the biofilm matrix. Surface plasmon resonance experiments confirmed the ability of the polysaccharide to bind hydrophobic molecules, due to the presence of rhamnose dimers in its primary structure. In addition, atomic force microscopy studies evidenced an extremely compact three-dimensional structure of the polysaccharide which may form aggregates, suggesting a novel view of its structural role into the biofilm matrix.

The polysaccharide extracted from the biofilm of Burkholderia multivorans strain C1576 binds hydrophobic species and exhibits a compact 3D-structure

Bellich B.;Distefano M.;Syrgiannis Z.;Bosi S.;Guida F.;Rizzo R.;Cescutti P.
2019

Abstract

Microorganisms often grow in communities called biofilms where cells are imbedded in a complex self-produced biopolymeric matrix composed mainly of polysaccharides, proteins, and DNA. This matrix, together with cell proximity, confers many advantages to these microbial communities, but also constitutes a serious concern when biofilms develop in human tissues or on implanted prostheses. Although polysaccharides are considered the main constituents of the matrices, their specific role needs to be clarified. We have investigated the chemical and morphological properties of the polysaccharide extracted from biofilms produced by the C1576 reference strain of the opportunistic pathogen Burkholderia multivorans, which causes lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients. The aim of the present study is the definition of possible interactions of the polysaccharide and the three-dimensional conformation of its chain within the biofilm matrix. Surface plasmon resonance experiments confirmed the ability of the polysaccharide to bind hydrophobic molecules, due to the presence of rhamnose dimers in its primary structure. In addition, atomic force microscopy studies evidenced an extremely compact three-dimensional structure of the polysaccharide which may form aggregates, suggesting a novel view of its structural role into the biofilm matrix.
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141813019332714
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2958213
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