Objectives: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be particularly challenging during the pediatric age with a relevant impact on patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Disease activity accounts for only a small part of the variability in HRQoL, and psychological factors can play a significant role. We aimed to evaluate the impact of patient's distress and pain catastrophizing on children and adolescents with IBD. Methods: We prospectively recruited children aged 8 to 18 with IBD and recorded demographic and disease characteristics. Patients answered questionnaires on HRQoL (IMPACT III), distress (distress thermometer [DT]), and pain catastrophizing (Pain Catastrophizing Scale-Children [PCS-C]). Univariate and multivariate regression models analysis were used to evaluate correlations between patients' characteristics, disease activity, distress, pain catastrophizing, and HRQoL. Results: Seventy-one patients were enrolled (median age 13.6, 49.3% Crohn disease, 50.7% ulcerative colitis). Median HRQoL, DT, and PCS-C scores were 78.6 (interquartile range 68.0-87.1), 3.0 (1.0-5.0), and 12.0 (4.0-23.0), respectively. Patient's distress and pain catastrophizing levels significantly correlated with HRQoL. Pain catastrophizing had the strongest impact on HRQoL (Spearman correlation coefficient, ρ = 0.73), followed by distress (ρ = 0.67), and ulcerative colitis severity (ρ = 0.67). The DT and the PCS-C scores were significantly associated (ρ = 0.46). Conclusions: Distress and pain catastrophizing have a significative impact on HRQoL in young patients with IBD. Physicians should recognize the role of these psychological factors and consider cognitive-behavioral therapy to optimize the patient's health.

The Role of Distress and Pain Catastrophizing on the Health-related Quality of Life of Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

De Carlo C.;Bramuzzo M.
;
Udina C.;Cozzi G.;Giudici F.;Di Leo G.;Barbi E.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be particularly challenging during the pediatric age with a relevant impact on patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Disease activity accounts for only a small part of the variability in HRQoL, and psychological factors can play a significant role. We aimed to evaluate the impact of patient's distress and pain catastrophizing on children and adolescents with IBD. Methods: We prospectively recruited children aged 8 to 18 with IBD and recorded demographic and disease characteristics. Patients answered questionnaires on HRQoL (IMPACT III), distress (distress thermometer [DT]), and pain catastrophizing (Pain Catastrophizing Scale-Children [PCS-C]). Univariate and multivariate regression models analysis were used to evaluate correlations between patients' characteristics, disease activity, distress, pain catastrophizing, and HRQoL. Results: Seventy-one patients were enrolled (median age 13.6, 49.3% Crohn disease, 50.7% ulcerative colitis). Median HRQoL, DT, and PCS-C scores were 78.6 (interquartile range 68.0-87.1), 3.0 (1.0-5.0), and 12.0 (4.0-23.0), respectively. Patient's distress and pain catastrophizing levels significantly correlated with HRQoL. Pain catastrophizing had the strongest impact on HRQoL (Spearman correlation coefficient, ρ = 0.73), followed by distress (ρ = 0.67), and ulcerative colitis severity (ρ = 0.67). The DT and the PCS-C scores were significantly associated (ρ = 0.46). Conclusions: Distress and pain catastrophizing have a significative impact on HRQoL in young patients with IBD. Physicians should recognize the role of these psychological factors and consider cognitive-behavioral therapy to optimize the patient's health.
2019
Pubblicato
https://journals.lww.com/jpgn/Fulltext/2019/10000/The_Role_of_Distress_and_Pain_Catastrophizing_on.16.aspx
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
decarlo2019.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Descrizione: Versione finale del lavoro
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 205.81 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
205.81 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2958898
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact