Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disorder involving heterogeneous clinical manifestations and numerous susceptibility genes. Several findings evidence the critical role of inflammasomes in the predisposition to autoimmune diseases and in SLE. We investigated whether inflammasome polymorphins could affect susceptibility to develop and/or severity SLE. Moreover, differences in inflammasome activation in peripheral blood were also evaluated in SLE patients and controls. The distribution of 13 SNPs in eight inflammasome genes was evaluated. To assess inflammasome priming in peripheral blood monocytes of SLE and controls, differential expression of selected inflammasome genes and IL-1ß production was analyzed in resting condition as well as after LPS and ATP stimulation. Results showed that the gain-of-function variant rs10754558 (NLRP3) was significantly more frequent in SLE patients with nephritis, reinforcing the concept of a key role of NLRP3 inflammasome not only in SLE but also especially in kidney disease. SLE monocytes in resting condition showed a higher level of IL-1ß expression and produced higher levels of IL-1ß when stimulated with LPS+ATP comparing to controls. The stimulation induced a significant expression of NLRP1, AIM2, CASP1, and IL1B genes, suggesting that the NLRP1 inflammasome is responsible for the IL-1ß production observed in monocytes. These data emphasized once more the important contribution of inflammasome in SLE-associated inflammation.

Differential expression of the inflammasome complex genes in systemic lupus erythematosus

Pontillo A.;Crovella S.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disorder involving heterogeneous clinical manifestations and numerous susceptibility genes. Several findings evidence the critical role of inflammasomes in the predisposition to autoimmune diseases and in SLE. We investigated whether inflammasome polymorphins could affect susceptibility to develop and/or severity SLE. Moreover, differences in inflammasome activation in peripheral blood were also evaluated in SLE patients and controls. The distribution of 13 SNPs in eight inflammasome genes was evaluated. To assess inflammasome priming in peripheral blood monocytes of SLE and controls, differential expression of selected inflammasome genes and IL-1ß production was analyzed in resting condition as well as after LPS and ATP stimulation. Results showed that the gain-of-function variant rs10754558 (NLRP3) was significantly more frequent in SLE patients with nephritis, reinforcing the concept of a key role of NLRP3 inflammasome not only in SLE but also especially in kidney disease. SLE monocytes in resting condition showed a higher level of IL-1ß expression and produced higher levels of IL-1ß when stimulated with LPS+ATP comparing to controls. The stimulation induced a significant expression of NLRP1, AIM2, CASP1, and IL1B genes, suggesting that the NLRP1 inflammasome is responsible for the IL-1ß production observed in monocytes. These data emphasized once more the important contribution of inflammasome in SLE-associated inflammation.
2020
5-feb-2020
Pubblicato
http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0105-2896&site=1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2959325
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