Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic disorder progressing from an initial benign accumulation of fat (NAFL) towards steatohepatitis (NASH), a degenerative form that can lead to liver cirrhosis and cancer. The development of non-invasive, rapid and accurate method to diagnose NASH is of high clinical relevance. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of plasma was tested as a method to distinguish NAFL from NASH. SERS spectra from plasma of female patients diagnosed with NAFL (n = 32) and NASH (n = 35) were obtained in few seconds, using a portable Raman spectrometer. The sample consisted of 5 μL of biofluid deposited on paper coated with Ag nanoparticles. The spectra show consistent differences between the NAFL and NASH patients, with the uric acid/hypoxanthine band area ratio statistically different (p-value <0.001) between the two groups. The average figures of merit for a diagnostic test based on these ratios, as derived from a repeated 4-fold cross-validation of a logistic regression model, are all between 0.73 and 0.79, with an average area under the curve of 0.81. We conclude that SERS may be a reliable and rapid method to discriminate NAFLD from NASH.

Differentiation between stages of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

Gurian E.;Giraudi P.;Tiribelli C.;Bonazza D.;Zanconati F.;Palmisano S.;de Manzini N.;Sergo V.;Bonifacio A.
2020

Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic disorder progressing from an initial benign accumulation of fat (NAFL) towards steatohepatitis (NASH), a degenerative form that can lead to liver cirrhosis and cancer. The development of non-invasive, rapid and accurate method to diagnose NASH is of high clinical relevance. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of plasma was tested as a method to distinguish NAFL from NASH. SERS spectra from plasma of female patients diagnosed with NAFL (n = 32) and NASH (n = 35) were obtained in few seconds, using a portable Raman spectrometer. The sample consisted of 5 μL of biofluid deposited on paper coated with Ag nanoparticles. The spectra show consistent differences between the NAFL and NASH patients, with the uric acid/hypoxanthine band area ratio statistically different (p-value <0.001) between the two groups. The average figures of merit for a diagnostic test based on these ratios, as derived from a repeated 4-fold cross-validation of a logistic regression model, are all between 0.73 and 0.79, with an average area under the curve of 0.81. We conclude that SERS may be a reliable and rapid method to discriminate NAFLD from NASH.
Pubblicato
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0003267020302300?via=ihub
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0003267020302300-main.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 1 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2961926
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact