Background: Diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum, acne and hidradenitis suppurativa (PASH) and pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, acne, and hidradenitis suppurativa (PAPASH) patients, in spite of recently identified genetic variations, is just clinical, since most patients do not share the same mutations, and the mutations themselves are not informative of the biological pathways commonly disrupted in these patients. Objective: To reveal genetic changes more closely related to PASH and PAPASH etiopathogenesis, identifying novel common pathways involved in these diseases. Methods: Cohort study on PASH (n = 4) and PAPASH (n = 1) patients conducted using whole exome sequencing (WES) approach and a novel bioinformatic pipeline aimed at discovering potentially candidate genes selected from density mutations and involved in pathways relevant to the disease. Results: WES results showed that patients presented 90 genes carrying mutations with deleterious and/or damage impact: 12 genes were in common among the 5 patients and bared 237 ns ExonVar (54 and 183 in homozygosis and heterozygosis, respectively). In the pathway enrichment analysis, only 10 genes were included, allowing us to retrieve 4 pathways shared by all patients: (1) Vitamin D metabolism, (2) keratinization, (3) formation of the cornified envelope and (4) steroid metabolism. Interestingly, all patients had vitamin D levels lower than normal, with a mean value of 10 ng/mL. Conclusion: Our findings, through a novel strategy for analysing the genetic background of syndromic HS patients, suggested that vitamin D metabolism dysfunctions seem to be crucial in PASH and PAPASH pathogenesis. Based on low vitamin D serum levels, its supplementation is envisaged.

Altered keratinization and vitamin D metabolism may be key pathogenetic pathways in syndromic hidradenitis suppurativa: a novel whole exome sequencing approach

Tricarico P. M.;Gratton R.;Moltrasio C.;Boniotto M.;Crovella S.;
2020

Abstract

Background: Diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum, acne and hidradenitis suppurativa (PASH) and pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, acne, and hidradenitis suppurativa (PAPASH) patients, in spite of recently identified genetic variations, is just clinical, since most patients do not share the same mutations, and the mutations themselves are not informative of the biological pathways commonly disrupted in these patients. Objective: To reveal genetic changes more closely related to PASH and PAPASH etiopathogenesis, identifying novel common pathways involved in these diseases. Methods: Cohort study on PASH (n = 4) and PAPASH (n = 1) patients conducted using whole exome sequencing (WES) approach and a novel bioinformatic pipeline aimed at discovering potentially candidate genes selected from density mutations and involved in pathways relevant to the disease. Results: WES results showed that patients presented 90 genes carrying mutations with deleterious and/or damage impact: 12 genes were in common among the 5 patients and bared 237 ns ExonVar (54 and 183 in homozygosis and heterozygosis, respectively). In the pathway enrichment analysis, only 10 genes were included, allowing us to retrieve 4 pathways shared by all patients: (1) Vitamin D metabolism, (2) keratinization, (3) formation of the cornified envelope and (4) steroid metabolism. Interestingly, all patients had vitamin D levels lower than normal, with a mean value of 10 ng/mL. Conclusion: Our findings, through a novel strategy for analysing the genetic background of syndromic HS patients, suggested that vitamin D metabolism dysfunctions seem to be crucial in PASH and PAPASH pathogenesis. Based on low vitamin D serum levels, its supplementation is envisaged.
Pubblicato
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0923181120301705?via=ihub
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0923181120301705-main.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 903.2 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
903.2 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
11368_2968048_print.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Bozza finale post-referaggio (post-print)
Licenza: Digital Rights Management non definito
Dimensione 1.34 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.34 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2968048
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact