Background: Obesity is a primary limiting factor in liver stiffness measurement (LSM). The impact of obesity has always been evaluated in terms of body mass index (BMI), without studying the effects of skin-to-liver distance (SLD) on LSM. We studied the impact of SLD on LSM in a cohort of obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and intra-operatory liver biopsy. Materials and Methods: 299 patients underwent LSM by point-shear wave elastography (ElastPQ protocol), with two different ultrasound machines. SLD was measured as the distance between the skin and the liver capsule, perpendicular to where the region of interest (ROI) was positioned. We used the following arbitrary cut-offs: <5.7 kPa, F0–1; 5.7–7.99 kPa, F2; ≥8 kPa, F3–4. Results: We developed two logistic regression models using elastography–histology agreement (EHA) as the dependent variable and SLD as the independent variable. The model based on the second machine showed strongly more performant discriminative and calibration metrics (AIC 38.5, BIC 44.2, Nagelkerke Pseudo-R2 0.894, AUROC 0.90). The SLD cut-off value of 34.5 mm allowed a correct EHA with a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 93%, negative predictive value of 100%, positive predictive value of 87%, an accuracy of 96%, and positive likelihood ratio of 3.56. Conclusion: The impact of SLD is machine-dependent and should be taken into consideration when interpreting LSM. We believe that our findings may serve as a reference point for appropriate fibrosis stratification by liver elastography in obese patients.

Optimization of point-shear wave elastography by skin-to-liver distance to assess liver fibrosis in patients undergoing bariatric surgery

giuffre mauro
;
Giuricin M.;Bonazza D.;Rosso N.;Giraudi P. J.;Masutti F.;Basile A.;Zanconati F.;De Manzini N.;Tiribelli C.;Palmisano S.;Croce L. S.
2020

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a primary limiting factor in liver stiffness measurement (LSM). The impact of obesity has always been evaluated in terms of body mass index (BMI), without studying the effects of skin-to-liver distance (SLD) on LSM. We studied the impact of SLD on LSM in a cohort of obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and intra-operatory liver biopsy. Materials and Methods: 299 patients underwent LSM by point-shear wave elastography (ElastPQ protocol), with two different ultrasound machines. SLD was measured as the distance between the skin and the liver capsule, perpendicular to where the region of interest (ROI) was positioned. We used the following arbitrary cut-offs: <5.7 kPa, F0–1; 5.7–7.99 kPa, F2; ≥8 kPa, F3–4. Results: We developed two logistic regression models using elastography–histology agreement (EHA) as the dependent variable and SLD as the independent variable. The model based on the second machine showed strongly more performant discriminative and calibration metrics (AIC 38.5, BIC 44.2, Nagelkerke Pseudo-R2 0.894, AUROC 0.90). The SLD cut-off value of 34.5 mm allowed a correct EHA with a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 93%, negative predictive value of 100%, positive predictive value of 87%, an accuracy of 96%, and positive likelihood ratio of 3.56. Conclusion: The impact of SLD is machine-dependent and should be taken into consideration when interpreting LSM. We believe that our findings may serve as a reference point for appropriate fibrosis stratification by liver elastography in obese patients.
7-ott-2020
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4418/10/10/795
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2973146
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