Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterized by left ventricular (LV) or biventricular dilatation and systolic dysfunction in the absence of either pressure or volume overload or coronary artery disease sufficient to explain the dysfunction. The use of heart rate variability (HRV) analysis as well as of some machine learning algorithms, proved to be a valuable support in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. However, till now, only single beats or electrocardiogram segments of subjects affected by DCM were identified using machine learning techniques applied to HRV parameters. In this study, we used linear and non-linear HRV parameters and some clinical parameters (age, sex and left ventricular ejection fraction) evaluated on a large cohort of 972 subjects to early identify subjects suffered from DCM and to find which features could be selected as predictors for a correct diagnosis. By using principal component analysis and stepwise regression, we reduced the original parameters used as inputs for a series of classification and regression trees (CART). The highest accuracy of 97% and Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 95% were achieved using the ratio between low frequency and high frequency (LF/HF), sex and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) parameters as inputs of the classifier.

A big - data classification tree for decision support system in the detection of dilated cardiomyopathy using heart rate variability

Silveri G.
;
Merlo Marco;Restivo L.;Ajcevic M.;Sinagra G.;Accardo Agostino
2020

Abstract

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterized by left ventricular (LV) or biventricular dilatation and systolic dysfunction in the absence of either pressure or volume overload or coronary artery disease sufficient to explain the dysfunction. The use of heart rate variability (HRV) analysis as well as of some machine learning algorithms, proved to be a valuable support in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. However, till now, only single beats or electrocardiogram segments of subjects affected by DCM were identified using machine learning techniques applied to HRV parameters. In this study, we used linear and non-linear HRV parameters and some clinical parameters (age, sex and left ventricular ejection fraction) evaluated on a large cohort of 972 subjects to early identify subjects suffered from DCM and to find which features could be selected as predictors for a correct diagnosis. By using principal component analysis and stepwise regression, we reduced the original parameters used as inputs for a series of classification and regression trees (CART). The highest accuracy of 97% and Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 95% were achieved using the ratio between low frequency and high frequency (LF/HF), sex and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) parameters as inputs of the classifier.
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050920321116
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2973758
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