Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKHS) syndrome refers to congenital hypoplasia/aplasia of the uterus, the cervix and the upper 2/3 of the vagina, in females with normal ovaries and fallopian tubes, secondary sexual characteristics and 46 XX karyotype. This condition originates from abnormal development of Müller's paramesonephric ducts in the early stages of embryonic development. Kidney agenesis or malformations are the most commonly associated with unilateral kidney agenesis. Ovaries may be ectopic in 16-19% of MRKHS patients. Primary amenorrhoea, due to the absence of the uterus, is the most common presentation. Female karyotype confirmation is mandatory to differentiate it from complete androgen insensitivity syndrome and 17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency. The management of MRKHS is multidisciplinary in order to encompass psychological, medical and surgical issues.

A young girl with right ovarian torsion and left ovarian ectopy

Morabito, Giuliana;Daidone, Alessandro
;
Barbi, Egidio;Cozzi, Giorgio
2020-01-01

Abstract

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKHS) syndrome refers to congenital hypoplasia/aplasia of the uterus, the cervix and the upper 2/3 of the vagina, in females with normal ovaries and fallopian tubes, secondary sexual characteristics and 46 XX karyotype. This condition originates from abnormal development of Müller's paramesonephric ducts in the early stages of embryonic development. Kidney agenesis or malformations are the most commonly associated with unilateral kidney agenesis. Ovaries may be ectopic in 16-19% of MRKHS patients. Primary amenorrhoea, due to the absence of the uterus, is the most common presentation. Female karyotype confirmation is mandatory to differentiate it from complete androgen insensitivity syndrome and 17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency. The management of MRKHS is multidisciplinary in order to encompass psychological, medical and surgical issues.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2990055
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