1,3-Dioxanes 1 and cyclohexanes 2 bearing a phenyl ring and an aminoethyl moiety in 1,3-relationship to each other represent highly potent σ1 receptor antagonists. In order to increase the chemical stability of the acetalic 1,3-dioxanes 1 and the polarity of the cyclohexanes 2, tetrahydropyran derivatives 3 equipped with the same substituents were designed, synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated. The key step of the synthesis was a lipase-catalyzed enantioselective acetylation of the alcohol (R)-5 leading finally to enantiomerically pure test compounds 3a-g. With respect to σ1 receptor affinity and selectivity over a broad range of related (σ2, PCP binding site) and further targets, the enantiomeric benzylamines 3a and cyclohexylmethylamines 3b represent the most promising drug candidates of this series. However, the eudismic ratio for σ1 binding is only in the range of 2.5–3.3. Classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations confirmed the same binding pose for both the tetrahydropyran 3 and cyclohexane derivatives 2 at the σ1 receptor, according to which: i) the protonated amino moiety of (2S,6R)-3a engages the same key polar interactions with Glu172 (ionic) and Phe107 (π-cation), ii) the lipophilic parts of (2S,6R)-3a are hosted in three hydrophobic regions of the σ1 receptor, and iii) the O-atom of the tetrahydropyran derivatives 3 does not show a relevant interaction with the σ1 receptor. Further in silico evidences obtained by the application of free energy perturbation and steered MD techniques fully supported the experimentally observed difference in receptor/ligand affinities. Tetrahydropyrans 3 require a lower dissociative force peak than cyclohexane analogs 2. Enantiomeric benzylamines 3a and cyclohexylmethylamines 3b were able to inhibit the growth of the androgen negative human prostate cancer cell line DU145. The cyclohexylmethylamine (2S,6R)-3b showed the highest σ1 affinity (Ki(σ1) = 0.95 nM) and the highest analgesic activity in vivo (67%).

Chemoenzymatic synthesis of 2,6-disubstituted tetrahydropyrans with high σ1 receptor affinity, antitumor and analgesic activity

Marson D.;Laurini E.;Pricl S.;
2021

Abstract

1,3-Dioxanes 1 and cyclohexanes 2 bearing a phenyl ring and an aminoethyl moiety in 1,3-relationship to each other represent highly potent σ1 receptor antagonists. In order to increase the chemical stability of the acetalic 1,3-dioxanes 1 and the polarity of the cyclohexanes 2, tetrahydropyran derivatives 3 equipped with the same substituents were designed, synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated. The key step of the synthesis was a lipase-catalyzed enantioselective acetylation of the alcohol (R)-5 leading finally to enantiomerically pure test compounds 3a-g. With respect to σ1 receptor affinity and selectivity over a broad range of related (σ2, PCP binding site) and further targets, the enantiomeric benzylamines 3a and cyclohexylmethylamines 3b represent the most promising drug candidates of this series. However, the eudismic ratio for σ1 binding is only in the range of 2.5–3.3. Classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations confirmed the same binding pose for both the tetrahydropyran 3 and cyclohexane derivatives 2 at the σ1 receptor, according to which: i) the protonated amino moiety of (2S,6R)-3a engages the same key polar interactions with Glu172 (ionic) and Phe107 (π-cation), ii) the lipophilic parts of (2S,6R)-3a are hosted in three hydrophobic regions of the σ1 receptor, and iii) the O-atom of the tetrahydropyran derivatives 3 does not show a relevant interaction with the σ1 receptor. Further in silico evidences obtained by the application of free energy perturbation and steered MD techniques fully supported the experimentally observed difference in receptor/ligand affinities. Tetrahydropyrans 3 require a lower dissociative force peak than cyclohexane analogs 2. Enantiomeric benzylamines 3a and cyclohexylmethylamines 3b were able to inhibit the growth of the androgen negative human prostate cancer cell line DU145. The cyclohexylmethylamine (2S,6R)-3b showed the highest σ1 affinity (Ki(σ1) = 0.95 nM) and the highest analgesic activity in vivo (67%).
Pubblicato
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0223523421002920?via=ihub
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0223523421002920-main.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: main paper
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 1.67 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.67 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
1-s2.0-S0223523421002920-mmc1.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: Appendix A. Supplementary data
Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 781.1 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
781.1 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2990282
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact