Aims: To analyze temporal trends (2001 -2017) of Pacemakers (PM) and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (ICD) procedures in Italy, according to the national Hospital Discharge Database (HDD). Methods: Frequency and implant rate (IR) in the Italian population were analyzed by age groups (<50, 50–79, ≥80 years). Results: From 2001 (2009 for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy-Defibrillator – CRT-D) to 2017, first PM implants (1stPM) increased from 36,823 (637/million inhabitants) to 49,716 (820/million), ICD implants from 3,141 (54/million) to 24,255 (400/million) and CRT-D from 2,915 (49/million, 16.5% of ICD) to 8,595 (142/million, 35.4% of ICD). ICD implants due to ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation decreased from 55.6% to 13.5% and from 15.9% to 4.5% respectively, while the proportion increased among patients with heart failure (from 22.9% to 46.8%), hypertension (from 11.1% to 15.0%), diabetes (from 6.5% to 10.9%), and renal insufficiency (from 4.4% to 7.6%). Both PM and ICD procedures markedly increased in patients ≥80 years old. However, while IR for ICDs increased from 82/million to 1,038/million inhabitants, IR of 1stPM only changed from 6,111/million to 6,212/million as the population in this age group nearly doubled in Italy. Conclusion: Since 2001, the increase of 1stPM in Italy was mainly due to the ultra-octogenarian population growth. No differences were observed for IR in each PM age group, while the absolute number and IR increased in all groups (especially ≥80 years old) for ICDs and CRT-Ds. An increase in comorbidities and a reduction in implants for secondary prevention were observed in the ICD population.

Seventeen-year trend (2001–2017) in pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator utilization based on hospital discharge database data: An analysis by age groups

Zecchin M.
;
Ortis B.;Sinagra G.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Aims: To analyze temporal trends (2001 -2017) of Pacemakers (PM) and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (ICD) procedures in Italy, according to the national Hospital Discharge Database (HDD). Methods: Frequency and implant rate (IR) in the Italian population were analyzed by age groups (<50, 50–79, ≥80 years). Results: From 2001 (2009 for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy-Defibrillator – CRT-D) to 2017, first PM implants (1stPM) increased from 36,823 (637/million inhabitants) to 49,716 (820/million), ICD implants from 3,141 (54/million) to 24,255 (400/million) and CRT-D from 2,915 (49/million, 16.5% of ICD) to 8,595 (142/million, 35.4% of ICD). ICD implants due to ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation decreased from 55.6% to 13.5% and from 15.9% to 4.5% respectively, while the proportion increased among patients with heart failure (from 22.9% to 46.8%), hypertension (from 11.1% to 15.0%), diabetes (from 6.5% to 10.9%), and renal insufficiency (from 4.4% to 7.6%). Both PM and ICD procedures markedly increased in patients ≥80 years old. However, while IR for ICDs increased from 82/million to 1,038/million inhabitants, IR of 1stPM only changed from 6,111/million to 6,212/million as the population in this age group nearly doubled in Italy. Conclusion: Since 2001, the increase of 1stPM in Italy was mainly due to the ultra-octogenarian population growth. No differences were observed for IR in each PM age group, while the absolute number and IR increased in all groups (especially ≥80 years old) for ICDs and CRT-Ds. An increase in comorbidities and a reduction in implants for secondary prevention were observed in the ICD population.
12-set-2020
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0953620520303484?via=ihub
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2992319
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