The electroreduction of CO2 into value-added products is a significant step toward closing the global carbon loop, but its performance remains far from meeting the requirement of any practical application. The insufficient understanding of the reaction mechanism is one of the major causes that impede future development. Although several possible reaction pathways have been proposed, significant debates exist due to the lack of experimental support. In this work, we provide opportunities for experiments to validate the reaction mechanism by providing predictions of the core-level shifts (CLS) of reactive intermediates, which can be verified by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) data in the experiment. We first validated our methods from benchmark calculations of cases with reliable experiments, from which we reach consistent predictions with experimental results. Then, we conduct theoretical calculations under conditions close to the operando experimental ones and predict the C 1s CLS of 20 reactive intermediates in the CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) to CH4 and C2H4 on a Cu(100) catalyst by carefully including solvation effects and applied voltage (U). The results presented in this work should be guidelines for future experiments to verify and interpret the reaction mechanism of CO2RR.

Predictions of Chemical Shifts for Reactive Intermediates in CO2 Reduction under Operando Conditions

Stener, Mauro;Fortunelli, Alessandro
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The electroreduction of CO2 into value-added products is a significant step toward closing the global carbon loop, but its performance remains far from meeting the requirement of any practical application. The insufficient understanding of the reaction mechanism is one of the major causes that impede future development. Although several possible reaction pathways have been proposed, significant debates exist due to the lack of experimental support. In this work, we provide opportunities for experiments to validate the reaction mechanism by providing predictions of the core-level shifts (CLS) of reactive intermediates, which can be verified by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) data in the experiment. We first validated our methods from benchmark calculations of cases with reliable experiments, from which we reach consistent predictions with experimental results. Then, we conduct theoretical calculations under conditions close to the operando experimental ones and predict the C 1s CLS of 20 reactive intermediates in the CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) to CH4 and C2H4 on a Cu(100) catalyst by carefully including solvation effects and applied voltage (U). The results presented in this work should be guidelines for future experiments to verify and interpret the reaction mechanism of CO2RR.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2992705
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