We study the evolution of europium (Eu) and barium (Ba) abundances in Local Group dwarf spheroidal and ultrafaint dwarf galaxies by means of detailed chemical evolution models and compare our results with new sets of homogeneous abundances. The adopted models include gas infall and outflow and have been previously tested. We investigate several production scenarios for r-process elements: merging neutron stars and magnetorotational-driven supernovae. Production of Ba through the main s-process acting in low- and intermediate-mass stars is considered as well. We also test different sets of nucleosynthesis yields. For merging neutron stars we adopt either a constant and short delay time for merging or a delay time distribution function. Our simulations show that (i) if r-process elements are produced only by a quick source, it is possible to reproduce the [Eu/Fe] versus [Fe/H], but those models fail in reproducing the [Ba/Fe] versus [Fe/H]. (ii) If r-process elements are produced only with longer delays the opposite happens. (iii) If both a quick source and a delayed one are adopted, such as magnetorotational-driven supernovae and merging neutron stars with a delay time distribution, the [Eu/Fe] abundance pattern is successfully reproduced, but models still fail in reproducing the [Ba/Fe]. (iv) On the other hand, the characteristic abundances of Reticulum II can be reproduced only if both the Eu and the r-process fraction of Ba are produced on short and constant time delays during a single merging event. We discuss also other possible interpretations, including an inhomogeneous mixing of gas that might characterize this galaxy.

Evolution of neutron capture elements in dwarf galaxies

Molero, Marta
;
Matteucci, Francesca;Cescutti, Gabriele;Simonetti, Paolo;
2021-01-01

Abstract

We study the evolution of europium (Eu) and barium (Ba) abundances in Local Group dwarf spheroidal and ultrafaint dwarf galaxies by means of detailed chemical evolution models and compare our results with new sets of homogeneous abundances. The adopted models include gas infall and outflow and have been previously tested. We investigate several production scenarios for r-process elements: merging neutron stars and magnetorotational-driven supernovae. Production of Ba through the main s-process acting in low- and intermediate-mass stars is considered as well. We also test different sets of nucleosynthesis yields. For merging neutron stars we adopt either a constant and short delay time for merging or a delay time distribution function. Our simulations show that (i) if r-process elements are produced only by a quick source, it is possible to reproduce the [Eu/Fe] versus [Fe/H], but those models fail in reproducing the [Ba/Fe] versus [Fe/H]. (ii) If r-process elements are produced only with longer delays the opposite happens. (iii) If both a quick source and a delayed one are adopted, such as magnetorotational-driven supernovae and merging neutron stars with a delay time distribution, the [Eu/Fe] abundance pattern is successfully reproduced, but models still fail in reproducing the [Ba/Fe]. (iv) On the other hand, the characteristic abundances of Reticulum II can be reproduced only if both the Eu and the r-process fraction of Ba are produced on short and constant time delays during a single merging event. We discuss also other possible interpretations, including an inhomogeneous mixing of gas that might characterize this galaxy.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
stab1429.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 6.47 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.47 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2993327
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact