Two new solvates of the widely used anthelminthic Praziquantel (PZQ) were obtained through mechanochemical screening with different liquid additives. Specifically, 2-pyrrolidone and acetic acid gave solvates with 1:1 stoichiometry (PZQ-AA and PZQ-2P, respectively). A wideranging characterization of the new solid forms was carried out by means of powder X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, FT-IR, solid-state NMR and biopharmaceutical analyses (solubility and intrinsic dissolution studies). Besides, the crystal structures of the two new solvates were solved from their Synchrotron-PXRD pattern: the solvates are isostructural, with equivalent triclinic packing. In both structures acetic acid and 2-pyrrolidone showed a strong interaction with the PZQ molecule via hydrogen bond. Even though previous studies have shown that PZQ is conformationally flexible, the same syn conformation as the PZQ Form A of the C=O groups of the piperazinone-cyclohexylcarbonyl segment is involved in these two new solid forms. In terms of biopharmaceutical properties, PZQ-AA and PZQ-2P exhibited water solubility and intrinsic dissolution rate much greater than those of anhydrous Form A.

Mechanochemical Synthesis and Physicochemical Characterization of Previously Unreported Praziquantel Solvates with 2-Pyrrolidone and Acetic Acid

Zanolla, Debora;Hasa, Dritan;Demitri, Nicola;Voinovich, Dario
;
Perissutti, Beatrice
2021

Abstract

Two new solvates of the widely used anthelminthic Praziquantel (PZQ) were obtained through mechanochemical screening with different liquid additives. Specifically, 2-pyrrolidone and acetic acid gave solvates with 1:1 stoichiometry (PZQ-AA and PZQ-2P, respectively). A wideranging characterization of the new solid forms was carried out by means of powder X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, FT-IR, solid-state NMR and biopharmaceutical analyses (solubility and intrinsic dissolution studies). Besides, the crystal structures of the two new solvates were solved from their Synchrotron-PXRD pattern: the solvates are isostructural, with equivalent triclinic packing. In both structures acetic acid and 2-pyrrolidone showed a strong interaction with the PZQ molecule via hydrogen bond. Even though previous studies have shown that PZQ is conformationally flexible, the same syn conformation as the PZQ Form A of the C=O groups of the piperazinone-cyclohexylcarbonyl segment is involved in these two new solid forms. In terms of biopharmaceutical properties, PZQ-AA and PZQ-2P exhibited water solubility and intrinsic dissolution rate much greater than those of anhydrous Form A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2996831
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