Cavitary lung formation with spontaneous pneumothorax has been rarely reported as a complication of COVID-19 pneumonia. We report a rare case of a 38 years-old male patient affected by COVID-19 pneumonia, exceptionally complicated by a simultaneous giant cavity in the right upper lung and a small right pneumothorax in the right hemithorax. Whilst pneumothorax emphysema, giant bullae and pneumothorax with alveolar rupture are known to potentially develop in COVID-19 patients as a result of high-flow O2 support, the exact origin of the giant lung cavitation in our patient could be not confirmed. Cavitary lesions – featured by high mortality rate - are reportedly associated with lung infarctions and can be the aftermaths of pulmonary embolism, a rather common sequela of COVID-19 pneumonia. Radiological imaging is critical to support clinical decision making in the management of COVID-19 pneumonia, since not only it can visualize and stage the disease, but it can also detect and monitor the eventual onset of complications over time, even following patient discharge from hospital.

Simultaneous Giant cavity pulmonary lesion and pneumothorax following COVID-19 pneumonia

Cegolon L.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Cavitary lung formation with spontaneous pneumothorax has been rarely reported as a complication of COVID-19 pneumonia. We report a rare case of a 38 years-old male patient affected by COVID-19 pneumonia, exceptionally complicated by a simultaneous giant cavity in the right upper lung and a small right pneumothorax in the right hemithorax. Whilst pneumothorax emphysema, giant bullae and pneumothorax with alveolar rupture are known to potentially develop in COVID-19 patients as a result of high-flow O2 support, the exact origin of the giant lung cavitation in our patient could be not confirmed. Cavitary lesions – featured by high mortality rate - are reportedly associated with lung infarctions and can be the aftermaths of pulmonary embolism, a rather common sequela of COVID-19 pneumonia. Radiological imaging is critical to support clinical decision making in the management of COVID-19 pneumonia, since not only it can visualize and stage the disease, but it can also detect and monitor the eventual onset of complications over time, even following patient discharge from hospital.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2999554
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